SOCIAL ISSUES: POVERTY : STATISTICS: RESOURCES : UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: United States. Bureau of the Census. Poverty

SOCIAL ISSUES: POVERTY :
STATISTICS: RESOURCES :
UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:
United States.
Bureau of the Census.
Poverty

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United States.
Bureau of the Census.
Poverty
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/index.html

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Poverty Statistics

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Poverty
U.S. Census Bureau
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/poverty.html

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The Census Bureau reports poverty data from several major household
surveys and programs. The Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) to
the Current Population Survey (CPS) is the source of official national
poverty estimates. The American Community Survey (ACS) provides single
and multi-year estimates for smaller areas. The Survey of Income and
Program Participation (SIPP) provides longitudinal estimates. The Small
Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) program provides model-based
poverty estimates for counties and school districts. See Description of
Income and Poverty Data Sources to determine which survey or program
meets your specific needs.

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Main
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/index.html

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About Poverty
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/about/index.html

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Data
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/data/index.html

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Methodology
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/methods/index.html

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Publications
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/publications/index.html

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Related Sites
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/links/index.html

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Contact Us..
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/contact/index.html

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Quick Links

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Overview / Highlights
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/about/overview/index.html

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Definitions
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/methods/definitions.html

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Poverty Data Sources
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/about/datasources/index.html

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Microdata Access
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/data/microdata.html

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Poverty Thresholds
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/data/threshld/index.html

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Latest Releases

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Dynamics of Economic Well-Being: Poverty
2004-2006
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/publications/dynamics04/index.html

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Latest Research – Supplemental Poverty Measure
http://www.census.gov/hhes/povmeas/methodology/
supplemental/research.html

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A shorter URL for the above link:

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http://tinyurl.com/4ytevnk

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Tables of NAS-based Experimental Poverty Estimates:
2009
http://www.census.gov/hhes/povmeas/methodology/
supplemental/research.html

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A shorter URL for the above link:

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http://tinyurl.com/4ytevnk

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Effect of Benefits and Taxes on Income and Poverty:
2009 (R&D)
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/cpstables/032010/rdcall/toc.htm

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Model-based Small Area Income & Poverty Estimates (SAIPE)
for School Districts, Counties, and States for 2009
http://www.census.gov/did/www/saipe/

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Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States:
2009 (P60-238)
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/data/incpovhlth/2009/index.html

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Poverty: 2008 and 2009 American Community Survey
(ACSBR/09-01)
[PDF – 234k]
http://www.census.gov/prod/2010pubs/acsbr09-1.pdf

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Supplemental Poverty Measure — Federal Register Notice
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/methods/spm_fedregister.html

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Observations from the Interagency Technical Working Group
on Developing a Supplemental Poverty Measure [PDF – 138k]
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/SPM_TWGObservations.pdf

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About Poverty

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oOverview/Highlights
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/about/overview/index.html

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oPoverty Data Sources
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/about/datasources/index.html

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oHow the Census Bureau Measures Poverty
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/about/overview/measure.html

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oHistory of Poverty Measure
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/about/history/index.html

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oOverview/Highlights
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/about/overview/index.html

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The data presented here are from the Current Population Survey (CPS), 2010
Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC), the source of official
poverty estimates. The CPS ASEC is a sample survey of approximately
100,000 household nationwide. These data reflect conditions in calendar
year 2009.

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oThe official poverty rate in 2009 was 14.3 percent – up from 13.2 percent
in 2008. This was the second statistically significant annual increase in
the poverty rate since 2004.

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oIn 2009, 43.6 million people were in poverty, up from 39.8 million in
2008 – the third consecutive annual increase in the number of people in
poverty.

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oBetween 2008 and 2009, the poverty rate increased for non-Hispanic Whites
(from 8.6 percent to 9.4 percent), for Blacks (from 24.7 percent to 25.8
percent), and for Hispanics (from 23.2 percent to 25.3 percent). For
Asians, the 2009 poverty rate (12.5 percent) was not statistically
different from the 2008 poverty rate.1

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oThe poverty rate in 2009 (14.3 percent) was the highest poverty rate
since 1994 but was 8.1 percentage points lower than the poverty rate in
1959, the first year for which poverty estimates are available.

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oThe number of people in poverty in 2009 (43.6 million) is the largest
number in the 51 years for which poverty estimates have been published.

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oBetween 2008 and 2009, the poverty rate increased for children under the
age of 18 (from 19.0 percent to 20.7 percent) and people aged 18 to 64
(from 11.7 percent to 12.9 percent), but decreased for people aged 65 and
older (from 9.7 percent to 8.9 percent). 2

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Poverty Data Sources

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The Census Bureau reports income and poverty estimates from several major
national household surveys and programs.

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Description of income and poverty data sources
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/about/datasources/description.html

Fact Sheet
oDifferences between CPS ASEC and ACS
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/about/datasources/factsheet.html

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Working Papers and Presentations

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oTables Comparing ACS and CPS ASEC Poverty Estimates
(Comparison of ACS 2005 to CPS ASEC 2004-2005 Averages by State), August
29, 2006
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/about/datasources/acscpscomp.html

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oEvaluation of Poverty Estimates: A Comparison of the American Community
Survey and the Current Population Survey
Alemayehu Bishaw and Sharon Stern, June 15, 2006 [PDF – 72k]
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/about/
datasources/acs_cpspovcompreport.pdf

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A shorter URL for the above link:

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http://tinyurl.com/3db6d75

oWhat Do We Know About Differences Between CPS and ACS Income and Poverty
Estimates?
Charles Nelson, August 29, 2006 [PDF – 696k]
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/about/
datasources/nelson_082906.pdf

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A shorter URL for the above link:

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http://tinyurl.com/3oej3gb

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Publications
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/publications/index.html

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oCurrent Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement
(CPS ASEC)
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/publications/pubs-cps.html

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oAmerican Community Survey (ACS),
Census 2000 and 1990 Census
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/publications/pubs-acs.html

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oThe Effect of Benefits and Taxes on Income and Poverty
(R & D) and Technical Papers (CPS)
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/publications/pubs-effects.html

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oSurvey of Income Program Participation (SIPP)
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/publications/pubs-sipp.html

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oWorking Papers and Conference Presentations
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/publications/papers.html

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Poverty Related Sites
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/links/index.html

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Census Bureau Resources

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oExperimental Poverty Measures
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/povmeas/povmeas.html

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oThe American Community Survey (ACS)
http://www.census.gov/acs/www/

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oSmall Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE)
http://www.census.gov/did/www/saipe/

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oIncome
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income/income.html

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oHealth Insurance
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/hlthins/index.html

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Other Related Sites (Governmental)

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oExperimental Poverty Measures, Bureau of Labor Statistics

http://www.bls.gov/pir/spmhome.htm

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oPoverty Guidelines, Research and Measurement from the Department of
Health and Human Services

http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/poverty.shtml

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Other Related Sites (Non-Governmental)

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The Institute for Research on Poverty at the University of Wisconsin

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/irp

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The Joint Center for Poverty Research of Northwestern University and the
University of Chicago

http://www.jcpr.org/

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The Kentucky Center for Poverty Research at the University of Kentucky

http://www.ukcpr.org/

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The Rural Poverty Research Center (RUPRI) at the University of Missouri

http://www.rupri.org/

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Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 – 4584
jwne@temple.edu

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SOCIAL ISSUES: POVERTY : STATISTICS: RESOURCES : UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: United States. Bureau of the Census. Poverty

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