DRUG ABUSE : SUBSTANCE ABUSE : WAR ON DRUGS : DRUG ADDICTION: CRIMINALIZATION : BIBLIOGRAPHIES : WEBLIOGRAPHIES : RESEARCH GUIDES : SUBJECT GUIDES: War on Drugs and Drug Use Criminalization

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DRUG ABUSE :

SUBSTANCE ABUSE :

WAR ON DRUGS :

DRUG ADDICTION: CRIMINALIZATION :

BIBLIOGRAPHIES :

WEBLIOGRAPHIES :

RESEARCH GUIDES :

SUBJECT GUIDES:

War on Drugs and Drug Use Criminalization

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WEBBIB1415

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War on Drugs and Drug Use Criminalization

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Race and Drugs FROM Human Rights Watch

Race and Drugs
October 25, 2013
Author(s):
Jamie Fellner, senior advisor for the US program
Published in:
Sandra M. Bucerius and Michael Tonry, editors,
The Oxford Handbook of Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration

Abstract:

“Blacks are arrested on drug charges at more than three times
the rate of whites and are sent to prison for drug convictions at
ten times the white rate. These disparities cannot be explained by
racial patterns of drug crime. They reflect law enforcement
decisions to concentrate resources in low income minority
neighborhoods. They also reflect deep-rooted racialized concerns,
beliefs, and attitudes that shape the nation’s understanding of the
“drug problem” and skew the policies chosen to respond to it.’

http://www.hrw.org/news/2013/10/25/race-and-drugs
BOOK: The Oxford Handbook of Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration

The Oxford Handbook of Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration
Oxford Handbooks Series
The Oxford handbooks in criminology and criminal justice
Editors Sandra M. Bucerius, Michael Tonry
Edition illustrated
Publisher Oxford University Press, 2013
ISBN 0199859019, 9780199859016
Length 945 pages

http://tinyurl.com/nwh3o6t
CRIME AND CRIMINALS: MURDER HOMICIDE :

POLICE BRUTALITY :

DRUG ALCOHOL AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE :

WAR ON DRUGS:

If We Want to Reduce Police Brutality We Have to End The War on Drugs

If We Want to Reduce Police Brutality We Have to End The War on Drugs
Racist policing is part of a self-perpetuating system of bad laws and
preexisting prejudices
By T.C. Sottek
December 6, 2014 12:00 pm
Verge

http://tinyurl.com/kcrrebn

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Annotated Bibliography on Research Methods Prepared for Meeting
on Assessing the Impact of Childhood Interventions on Subsequent
Drug Abuse

May 23-24, 2000

by Chi-Ming Kam and Linda M. Collins
The Methodology Center,

Pennsylvania State University

http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/nih/kam_collins.pdf

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Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST),

Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) ,

and

Alcohol and Other Drug (AOD) Use

Brief Screens Bibliography

FROM Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement

https://www.icsi.org/_asset/0220g7/Screening-Tests-Bibliography—FINAL.pdf

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DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS:

Project Cork Search Results for Drug Abuse and Adolescents

Finds 15,322 scholarly research articles.

http://tinyurl.com/kkugqd9

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DRUG ALCOHOL AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE:

JUSTICE SYSTEM AND PRISONS :

WAR ON DRUGS :

STATISTICS:

A Chart That Says the War on Drugs Isn’t Working

A Chart That Says the War on Drugs Isn’t Working
October 12, 2012 5:41PM ET
Serena Dai
The Wire
News from The Atlantic

http://tinyurl.com/ohsb36y

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DRUG ALCOHOL AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE:

JUSTICE SYSTEM AND PRISONS :

WAR ON DRUGS :

A Brief History of the Drug War

A Brief History of the Drug War Drug Policy Alliance

http://tinyurl.com/q8juwhc

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DRUG ALCOHOL AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE:

JUSTICE SYSTEM AND PRISONS :

WAR ON DRUGS:

Online Only:

Report Finds Most U.S. Inmates Suffer from Substance Abuse or Addiction

Online Only: Report Finds Most U.S. Inmates
Suffer from Substance Abuse or Addiction
American Public Health Association

https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/Net-Gold/conversations/messages/45806
ARTICLE:

Behind Bars II: Substance Abuse and America’s Prison Population Published:

February 2010

Behind Bars II: Substance Abuse and America’s Prison Population
Published: February 2010

http://www.casacolumbia.org/addiction-research/reports/substance-abuse-prison-system-2010

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Substance Abuse Treatment

FROM United States.

Federal Bureau of Prisons

http://www.casacolumbia.org/addiction-research/reports/substance-abuse-prison-system-2010

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AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY:

HOW NARCOTICS TRAFFICKING ORGANIZATIONS OPERATE AS BUSINESSES

A Report Prepared by the Federal Research Division, Library of Congress
under an Interagency Agreement with the United States Government

September 2002

FROM The Libra

http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/pdf-files/Bibliography-Narcotics.pdf

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Drug Treatment Alternative to Prison FROM Dual Diagnosis.org

“Why Is Treatment More Important Than Prison?

Addiction treatmentSeeking treatment for an addiction or abuse issue
is critical to establishing a healthy lifestyle for the future. When compared
to prison or jail, drug treatment seems like a no-brainer move because it
tackles a contributing factor to the crime and it costs less in the long-term.
The costs of incarceration are incredibly high as is, considering all the
aspects of keeping a prison or jail running (such as staff, structural
maintenance, additional security, etc.).

The idea of using drug treatment as an alternative to incarceration has
proven to be relatively cost-effective for the states who have instituted such
measures.”

http://www.dualdiagnosis.org/co-occurring-disorders-treatment/alternative-to-prison/

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The No-Help Cycle: Jail Fails Addicts By Cassie Rodenberg

April 30, 2013

FROM The Scientific American. Blogs. White Noise

“Few Inmates with Substance Use Disorders Receive Treatment
Of the 1.5 million inmates with substance use disorders in 2006,
CASA estimates that only 163,196 (11.2 percent*) received any type
of professional treatment, including treatment in a residential facility
or unit (7.1 percent), professional counseling (5.2 percent) or
pharmacological therapy such as methadone, antibuse or naltrexone
(0.2 percent). Less than one percent (0.9 percent) received detoxification
services.”

http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/white-noise/2013/04/30/the-no-help-cycle-jail-fails-addicts/

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Substance Abuse Treatment and Public Safety January 2008

FROM Justice Policy Institute

“The United States leads the world in the number of people incarcerated
in federal and state correctional facilities. There are currently more than
2 million people in American prisons or jails.

Approximately one-quarter of those people held in U.S. prisons or jails
have been convicted of a drug offense.

The United States incarcerates more people for drug offenses than any
other country. With an estimated 6.8 million Americans struggling with
drug abuse or dependence, the growth of the prison population continues
to be driven largely by incarceration for drug offenses.

This research brief will summarize findings on what is known about substance
abuse treatment as it relates to public safety and the use of incarceration.
Along with conducting a brief literature review, the Justice Policy Institute (JPI)
has compared state data on drug treatment admissions toincarceration rates.

While no single solution will guarantee that a person will not be involved in
criminal activity and the literature is not conclusive on what single factor
might solve every community’s various challenges, the research suggests
that increased investments in drug treatment can have a positive public
safety benefit.

Significant findings from this brief include:

Increases in admissions to substance abuse treatment are associated with
reductions in crime rates.

Increased admissions to drug treatment are associated with reduced
incarceration

Substance abuse treatment prior to contact with the justice system yields
public safety benefits early on.

Substance abuse treatment helps in the transition from the criminal justice
system to the community.

Substance abuse treatment is more cost-effective than prison or other punitive
measures.”

http://www.justicepolicy.org/images/upload/08_01_rep_drugtx_ac-ps.pdf

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Drugs and Crime

FROM National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, Inc.

“Our nation’s prison population has exploded beyond capacity.

1 in 100 U.S. citizens is now confined in jail or prison.

The U.S. incarcerates more people per capita than 26 of the largest European
nations combined.

Incarceration rates in the U.S. are nine times greater for young African-American
men between the ages of 20 and 34 years.

Most inmates are in prison, at least in large part, because of substance abuse.

80% of offenders abuse drugs or alcohol.

Nearly 50% of jail and prison inmates are clinically addicted.

Approximately 60% of individuals arrested for most types of crimes test positive
for illegal drugs at arrest.

Imprisonment has little effect on drug abuse.
60 – 80% of drug abusers commit a new crime (typically a drug-driven crime)
after release from prison.

Approximately 95% return to drug abuse after release from prison.”

https://ncadd.org/learn-about-drugs/drugs-and-crime

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The Drug War And Mass Incarceration By The Numbers

FROM The Huffington Post

By Matt Sledge

Posted: 04/08/2013 7:34 am EDT

Updated: 04/08/2013 1:24 pm EDT

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/04/08/drug-war- mass-incarceration_n_3034310.html

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Cost Review: Drug Abuse, Treatment, Incarceration

FROM New York Academy of Medicine and Drug Policy Alliance

“Drug misuse—its health and social consequences and current responses
through the criminal and treatment systems– are costly for communities and
all levels of government. Several states have taken the initiative and
incorporate cost-effectiveness analyses into their designs for re-structuring
drug policies.

COSTS OF DRUG USE

According to the Office of National Drug Control Policy, the economic cost of
drug abuse in 2002 was estimated to be approximately $181 billion with an
average annual increase of 5.3 percent. This estimate factor s in the cost of health
and crime consequences, both of which include the loss of productivity due to
disability, death and withdrawal from the legal workforce. The staggering annual
increase in costs can largely be attributed to increasing rates of law enforcement,
adjudication, and incarceration. Spending on drug abuse treatment and
prevention services reportedly account for only 3 percent of t he total societal
cost of drug abuse.

All health-related costs wereestimated to be 8.1 percent of total costs with an
annual increase of 4.1 percent. Productivity loss, or the indirect costs of drug abuse,
which included loss from criminal activities and incarceration as well as illness and
mortality, accounted for 71 percent of cost.”

Topics Covered

Health Costs
Criminal Justice Costs
Cost Effectiveness of Treatment

http://www.drugpolicy.org/docUploads/ndny_costeff.pdf

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STATISTICS: People Sentenced For Drug Offenses In The US Correctional System

Contents:

Overview of Basic Data
Federal-Specific Corrections Data
State- and Local-Specific Corrections Data
HIV/AIDS, Hep C, and Harm Reduction Behind Bars
Sociopolitical and Economic Research

Related Chapters:
Prisons, Jails, and Community Corrections – Overview
Race & Prisons

Link for Data Table:
Drug Offenders Under Control of the US Corrections System

http://www.drugwarfacts.org/cms/prisons_and_drugs#sthash.vdKmUUMl.dpbs

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DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS:

Drug Abuse Criminalization

FROM Google Scholar

http://tinyurl.com/kndd64n

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(“DRUG ABUSE” OR “SUBSTANCE ABUSE” OR “DRUG ADDICTION” OR
“SUBSTANCE ADDICTION” OR “ILLEGAL DRUGS” OR “DRUG DEPENDENCE”
OR “DRUG DEPENDENT” ) AND (“drug war” OR “war on drugs” OR
crimialization OR decriminalization OR “excessive sentencing” OR
“excessive sentences” OR prison OR incarceration)

DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS:

Drug Abuse Criminalization FROM Google Books

http://tinyurl.com/k447g6d

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DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS:

Drug Abuse Criminalization

FROM Google Blog Search WHILE IT LASTS

http://tinyurl.com/mccl4vx

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DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS:

Drug Abuse Criminalization

FROM Google Images

http://tinyurl.com/kgzr3f3

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DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS:

Drug Abuse Criminalization

FROM Google Videos

http://tinyurl.com/kl8wsru

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DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS:

Drug Abuse Criminalization

FROM Google Domain Limited Web Search

http://tinyurl.com/ltm24wo

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DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS:

Drug Abuse Criminalization

FROM Google Domain Limited Web Search

http://tinyurl.com/l2mfedf

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DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS:

Drug Abuse Criminalization

FROM Google Domain Limited Web Search

http://tinyurl.com/nsjm57u

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DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS:

Drug Abuse Criminalization

FROM Google Domain Limited Web Search

http://tinyurl.com/prboqg5

.

DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS:

Drug Abuse Criminalization

FROM Temple Summon Search

http://tinyurl.com/ozyl5xy

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WEBBIB1415

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DRUG ABUSE : SUBSTANCE ABUSE : WAR ON DRUGS : DRUG ADDICTION: CRIMINALIZATION : BIBLIOGRAPHIES : WEBLIOGRAPHIES : RESEARCH GUIDES : SUBJECT GUIDES: War on Drugs and Drug Use Criminalization

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