[SportMed] WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS : MEDICINE : HEALTH : UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: THE CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION : SOCIAL MEDIA : SOCIAL NETWORKING: CDC’s Guide to Writing for Social Media

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WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

MEDICINE :

HEALTH :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT:
THE CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION :

SOCIAL MEDIA :

SOCIAL NETWORKING:

CDC’s Guide to Writing for Social Media

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CDC’s Guide to Writing for Social Media

http://www.cdc.gov/socialmedia/Tools/guidelines/ pdf/GuidetoWritingforSocialMedia.pdf

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A shorter URL for the above link:

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http://tinyurl.com/8x6kew6

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Table of Contents

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Acknowledgements

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction

What Is Social Media?

What Is This Guide For? How Should It Be Used?

Social Media and Communication Strategy

Chapter 2: Before You Start

Target Audiences, Health Literacy and Plain Language, and Social Marketing

Chapter 3: Principles of Effective Social Media Writing

Creating Content

Examples of Relevant, Useful, and Interesting Messages

Chapter 4: How to Write for Facebook

Profiles and Pages

Best Practices for Writing CDC Facebook Posts

Sample CDC Facebook Posts

Chapter 5: How to Write for Twitter

Twitter Syntax

Anatomy of a Tweet

Best Practices for Writing CDC Tweets

Sample CDC Tweets

Chapter 6: How to Write Text Messages

Best Practices for Writing CDC Text Messages

Sample CDC Text Messages

Chapter 7: How to Use Your Web Content as Source Material for Social Media

Content

Make Social Media Writing Easier by Repurposing Web Content

Plan to Rewrite Your Web Content for Use in Social Media

Chapter 8: Hands-On Practice in Revising Social Media Content

Improve These Draft Facebook Posts

Improve These Draft Tweets

Improve These Draft Text Messages

Improved Facebook Posts

Improved Tweets

Improved Text Messages

Chapter 9: Checklist for Writing for Social Media

Chapter 10: Glossary

Facebook Terms

Twitter Terms

Texting Terms

Chapter 11: Social Media Writing Resources

CDC’s Social Media and Writing Resources

Federal Agencies’ Social Media and Writing Resources

State Government Social Media and Writing Resources

Other Social Media and Writing Resources

Appendix A: Audience Segmentation

Audience Information, by Age

Audience Information, by Role
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Content Sample

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Chapter 1: Introduction

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What Is Social Media?

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Beginning in the early part of the 21st century, Web applications began to change the way we communicate. A single personwho before had been limited to a point-to-point communication method such as face-to-face conversation or a telephone callcan now reach an audience of hundreds or thousands of people with a single click. One-to-many communication channels, such as television or radio advertising, had previously been expensive and their reach limited to a general audience. We have since seen a dramatic increase in the use of online and other electronic tools (e.g., Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, blogs, and texting) for sharing and creating content, which in this document are collectively called social media. Companies and government agencies are discovering how to harness the power of social media to expand the reach of their marketing and communication messages.
For those of us in health communication, social media tools such as Facebook, Twitter, and text messaging allow us to expand our reach, foster engagement, and increase access to credible, science-based health messages. Social media can help organizations achieve the after goals:
Disseminate health and safety information in a timelier manner.

Increase the potential impact of important messages.

Leverage networks of people to make information sharing easier.

Create different messages to reach diverse audiences.

Personalize health messages and target them to a particular audience.

Engage with the public.

Empower people to make safer and healthier decisions.

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When integrated into health communication campaigns and activities, social media can encourage participation, conversation, and communityall of which can help spread key messages, influence decision making, and promote behavior change. Social media also helps to reach people when, where, and how its convenient for them, which improves the availability of content and might influence satisfaction and trust in the health messages delivered.

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Social media is also a key tool in building awareness and credibility. According to the Pew Internet & American Life Project report in 2011, Social Networking Sites and Our Lives, nearly half of adults (47%) used at least one social networking site in 2010. That number is growing quickly, nearly doubling from 2008 (26%). Social networks are places where people gather information from experts and peers to help them make health decisions.

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April, 2012 CDCs Guide to Writing for Social Media Page 3

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What Is This Guide For? How Should It Be Used?

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As a health communicator, you craft health and safety messages that can have a profound impact on the public. Using social media, these messages can reach more audiences and have an even greater impact on the public. This Guide aims to assist you in translating your messages so they resonate and are relevant to social media audiences, and encourage action, engagement, and interaction. It is largely tactical, giving you specific ways to write for social media channels.

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Although a wide variety of social media tools exist, this Guide will focus on three specific channels: Facebook, Twitter, and text messages (short message service, or SMS). For information on other channels, social networking sites, and microblogs, visit CDCs Social Media Tools, Guidelines and Best Practices at

http://www.cdc.gov/SocialMedia/Tools/guidelines/.

Social Media and Communication Strategy

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Keep in mind that social media is one tool in a larger communication strategy. Always consider your overarching communication goals when developing social media activities.

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As with all media outreach, the keys to an effective social media presence are to

Identify your target audience.

Determine your objective.

Select the appropriate channel for your message.

Decide upfront how much time and effort you can invest.

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You can learn more about social media strategy in The Health Communicators
Social Media Toolkit at

http://www.cdc.gov/healthcommunication/ ToolsTemplates/SocialMediaToolkit_BM.pdf
OR
http://tinyurl.com/2clpcbm
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..
Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 – 4584
jwne@temple.edu
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/
RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard’s Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html

..

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Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
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Temple University Listserv Alert :
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[SportMed] WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS : MEDICINE : HEALTH : UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: THE CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION : SOCIAL MEDIA : SOCIAL NETWORKING: CDC’s Guide to Writing for Social Media

[Educator-Gold] [Net-Gold] WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS : UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT : HISTORY: New Deal Programs: Selected Library of Congress Resources. Federal Writers’ Project

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WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT :

HISTORY:

New Deal Programs:

Selected Library of Congress Resources.

Federal Writers’ Project

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New Deal Programs:

Selected Library of Congress Resources.

Federal Writers’ Project

http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/newdeal/fwp.html

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Online Materials

http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/newdeal/fwp.html#online
Manuscript Collections

http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/newdeal/fwp.html#manuscript
Educational Materials

http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/newdeal/fwp.html#educational
Exhibitions

http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/newdeal/fwp.html#exhibitions

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The Federal Writers’ Project was created in 1935 as part of the United States Work Progress Administration to provide employment for historians, teachers, writers, librarians, and other white-collar workers. Originally, the purpose of the project was to produce a series of sectional guide books under the name American Guide, focusing on the scenic, historical, cultural, and economic resources of the United States. Eventually new programs were developed and projects begun under the Federal Emergency Relief Administration were absorbed by the Writers’ Project. From its inception in 1935 through late 1939, the Federal Writers’ Project was directed by Henry Alsberg.

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Online Materials

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/wpaintro/wpahome.html

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American Life Histories: Manuscripts from the Federal Writers’ Project, 1936 – 1940

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/wpaintro/wpahome.html
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These interviews or “life histories,” were compiled and transcribed by the staff of the Folklore Project of the Federal Writers’ Project for the U.S. Works Progress (later Work Projects) Administration (WPA) from 1936-40. The Library of Congress collection includes 2,900 documents representing the work of over 300 writers from 24 states. More…

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Born in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers’ Project, 1936-1938

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/snhtml/snhome.html

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This collection contains more than 2,300 first-person accounts of slavery and 500 black-and-white photographs of former slaves. These narratives were collected in the 1930s as part of the Federal Writers’ Project of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) and assembled and microfilmed in 1941 as the seventeen-volume Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in the United States from Interviews with Former Slaves.

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Related Collections

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The Zora Neale Hurston Plays at the Library of Congress

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/znhhtml/znhhome.html

A selection of ten plays written by Hurston (1891-1960), author, anthropologist, and folklorist. Deposited in the United States Copyright Office between 1925 and 1944, most of the plays remained unpublished and unproduced until they were rediscovered in the Copyright Deposit Drama Collection in 1997. The plays reflect Hurston’s life experience, travels, and research, especially her study of folklore in the African-American South. Totaling 1,068 hundred images, the scripts are housed in the Library’s Manuscript, Music, and Rare Books and Special Collections Divisions. Hurston’s work was influenced, in part, by her experience working for the Florida Federal Writers’ Project.

Manuscript Collections

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Library of Congress

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The Federal Writers’ Project materials in the Library of Congress Manuscript Division are part of a larger collection titled, United States Work Projects Administration: A Register of Its Records in The Library of Congress. This collection also contains the records of the Historical Records Survey and the Research Library of the United States Work Projects Administration. Please contact the Manuscript Division Reading Room for further information.

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Scope and Content Note

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Federal Writers’ Project of the United States Work Projects Administration
The records of the Federal Writers’ Project of the United States Work Projects Administration span the years 1524-1947, with the bulk of the items created from 1935 to 1942. They are comprised of correspondence, memoranda, field reports, notes, drafts of essays, lists, drawings, maps, graphs, newspaper clippings, transcripts of documents, oral testimony in the form of life histories, folklore material, inventories, statements, critical appraisals, speeches, administrative records, instructions, scripts, plays, and surveys. Material prior to 1935 consists mostly of transcripts made or copied for references purposes or for preservation. The files of the Federal Writers’ Project are arranged in the following series: Administrative File, American Guide File, Folklore Project, Social-Ethnic Studies, Special Studies and Projects, Negro Studies Project, Slave Narrative Project, Miscellaneous Records, Miscellany and Printed Matter. A small Addition was made to the records in 1998.

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The Federal Writers’ Project was created in 1935 as part of the United States Work Progress Administration to provide employment for historians, teachers, writers, librarians, and other white-collar workers. Originally, the purpose of the project was to produce a series of sectional guide books under the name American Guide, focusing on the scenic, historical, cultural, and economic resources of the United States. Eventually the new programs developed and projects begun under the Federal Emergency Relief Administration were absorbed by the writers’ project.

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From its inception in 1935 through late 1939, the Federal Writers’ Project was directed by Henry Alsberg, a former lawyer who became interested in the theater as a writer and as a director of off-Broadway productions. His correspondence makes up the bulk of letters in the collection. Associates who also appear as project correspondents include Merle Colby, George Cronin, Joseph Gaer, Reed Harris, and Claire Laning. Among the folklorists represented are Benjamin Botkin and John A. Lomax. Poets and writers whose works appear in the records include, Nelson Algren, Sterling Brown, Jack Conroy, and Richard Wright.

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The Administrative File contains correspondence of Alsberg, dated mostly from 1939, and instructional matter reflecting the operation of the program. It supplements the Federal Writers’ Project administrative records held by the National Archives and Records Administration, Record Group 69. A preliminary inventory, the Records of the Federal Writers’ Project Work Projects Administration, 1935-44, was compiled by Katherine H. Davidson, in 1953.

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The American Guide File, the largest series, includes research data and drafts of writings which went into producing state guide books. The records reflect topics such as local history, folklore, economic development, scenic areas, places of interest, local lore, facts, and tours. The books were initiated to stimulate travel to bolster the economy during the Great Depression.

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Other series in the Federal Writers’ Project Records reflect areas of interest developed by the project: rural and urban folklore, including individual narratives and life histories; studies of customs of social and ethnic groups; source materials regarding African Americans; testimony of ex-slaves and slave-related material including copies of purchase agreements and sale advertisements; and a compilation of printed matter now on microfilm.

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External Collections

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Many of the administrative records of the Federal Writers’ Project are held by the National Archives and Records Administration in Records of the Federal Writers’ Project [FWP], a subgroup of Records of the Work Projects Administration [WPA], Record Group 69, as are the administrative records of the Historical Records Survey, which may be found in the subgroup Records of the Historical Records Survey.

Note: The Federal Writers’ Project was administered at multiple levels–from the central office in Washington, D.C., and also from regional, state, and district offices. Related materials may often be found in state archives, libraries and historical societies.
Educational Materials/Guides

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Collection Connections

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These guides provide activity ideas for teachers for using materials from the collections to develop critical thinking skills.

American Life Histories

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/znhhtml/znhhome.html

Born in Slavery

http://www.loc.gov/teachers/ classroommaterials/connections/narratives-slavery/

OR

http://tinyurl.com/pvjphcw

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Introduction to the WPA Slave Narratives by Norman R.Yetman

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/snhtml/snintro00.html

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Voices from the Thirties: Life Histories from the Federal Writers’ Project

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/wpaintro/exhome.html

A brief introdiction to the FWP Life Histories collection by Ann Banks.
Exhibitions

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From: The African-American Mosaic: A Library of Congress Resource Guide for the Study of Black History and Culture

http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/african/intro.html

An online exhibit marking the publication of The African-American Mosaic: A Library of Congress Resource Guide for the Study of Black History and Culture.

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African-American Mosaic: Authors and the Federal Writers’ Project

http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/african/afam014.html

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African-American Mosaic: Cavalcade of the American Negro

http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/african/afam013.html

African-American Mosaic: WPA (General Overview)

http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/african/afam012.html

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American Treasures: America Eats

http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/treasures/tri098.html
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..

Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 – 4584
jwne@temple.edu
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/
RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard’s Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html

..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

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You receive all messages sent to this group.

View This Message (#32): https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Educator-Gold/message/32

[Educator-Gold] [Net-Gold] WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS : UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT : HISTORY: New Deal Programs: Selected Library of Congress Resources. Federal Writers’ Project

[Net-Gold] WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS : MEDICINE : HEALTH : UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY: United States Environmental Protection Agency. EPA Communications Stylebook

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The full post may be viewed here:

Message (#2449): https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/message/2449

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WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS :

MEDICINE :

HEALTH :

UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY:

United States Environmental Protection Agency.

EPA Communications Stylebook

http://www2.epa.gov/stylebook

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EPA Communications Stylebook

Last revised 2009

EPA’s Office of Public Affairs (OPA) developed this Stylebook in 2008 and published it in early 2009.
OPA has no plans to update this Stylebook. All communications products must conform to the guidance
included in this edition. For topics or rules not addressed by this Stylebook, consult:

the AP Stylebook first

and

the U.S. Government Printing Office Style Manual second.

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Checklist for Product Development
check list graphic

Nine steps to publication

http://www2.epa.gov/stylebook/epa-communications- stylebook-basic-checklist-product-development

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A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/ppx4r3d

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EPA Communications Stylebook: Basic Checklist for Product Development

Last revised 2009

http://www2.epa.gov/stylebook/
epa-communications-stylebook-basic-checklist-product-development

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http://tinyurl.com/ppx4r3d

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1. Develop Your Concept

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Develop your communications product concept. Consult with your office’s communications staff,
your Product Review Officer and OPA. Early consultation leads to a better product every time.

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Questions to consider: What are you trying to communicate? What are you trying to get your audience
to do? Identify your top messages. Through what means will you communicate your message and get
people to take action? The Web? A podcast? A brochure? A promotional item?

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Determine if similar EPA products already exist and can simply be improved upon. For example,
if your product is intended for teachers or students, check the Environmental Education Resource Center
on the EPA Intranet.

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View suggestions and helpful hints to help you avoid mistakes frequently corrected during product review.

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2. Identify Your Audience

Determine the audience you wish to reach.

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Are you targeting scientists, businesses, mothers, gas station owners or the general public?
Your product should suit your target audience.

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How prepared is your audience to use your information? What do they need to learn in order to use the
information effectively? What do they already understand?

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Learn more about structuring your communications for your audiences.

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3. Develop a Distribution Plan

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Develop a distribution plan that will best get your product to your target audience.

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Distribution can be more complex and expensive than expected depending on the type of product you selected.
For example, a multi-page full color brochure mailed to multiple stakeholders will be more costly than a product
intended for the Web.

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Find out more about distributing different types of communication materials

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4. Get a Cost Estimate

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Get approval from your manager and obtain funding for the development of the product, printing or production,
and for distribution. Consult with your manager and Contracting Officer/Contracting Officer’s Representative if
your product needs to be created by a contractor. Develop a cost estimate and get approval from your manager.
5. Concept Product Review

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Continue working with your communications staff and Product Review Officer to enter your concept description
into PROTRAC. You must have OPA approval before proceeding further and/or incurring product development costs.

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View a full explanation of the Product Review system

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6. Use the Stylebook

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Design and develop your communications product using the EPA Communications Product Standards Stylebook
and related guides.

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View Appendix A: Bibliography and Sources for this Manual

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7. Obtain a Publication Number

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Contact the National Service Center for Environmental Publications (NSCEP) for a product number to identify the
originating office, the type of product, such as fact sheet or booklet, the date of publication and other factors.

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Learn more about processes and forms for print publishing

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8. Draft Product Review

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Enter your final product into the PROTRAC for feedback. You must obtain OPA approval prior to moving forward
on production or publication.

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View a full explanation of the Product Review system

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9. Publish

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This step will vary depending on your communications medium. For a Web product, consult your Web team
member and your Product Review Officer. For audiovisual products, you will likely shoot your video or record your
audio file at this time.

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For print products, complete a printing request on EPA Form 2200-9 (available electronically on WebForms)
Work with the HQ or regional EPA printing offices where you will receive professional assistance to determine the
best printing practices and options for your product.

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Tip: If you are planning a direct distribution from the printer to regional offices or other addresses, include a listing
of names and complete addresses and the number of copies going to each location.

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More information on this topic is available in the Graphics Guide part of this Stylebook

http://www2.epa.gov/stylebook/epa-communications-stylebook-graphics-guide

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Graphics Guide

Stacks of Printed Papers

http://www2.epa.gov/stylebook/epa-communications-stylebook-graphics-guide

Color vs. black and white, printing requirements, paper stocks, use of government bankcard, and more!

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EPA Communications Stylebook: Graphics Guide

Last revised 2009

On this page:

Overview
Color Printing vs. Black and White
Requirements and Printing Regulations
EPA Policy Regarding Paper Stocks
Paper Savings and Standard Paper Sizes
Use of Government Bankcard for Printing/Photocopying
In-House Copy Center Duplication
Peer Review
Anchor Elements
Types of Communication Materials
Processes and Forms for Print Publishing
Technical Guidelines for Print Publishing
Key Printing Questions
Top 10 Things You Can Do to Create Better Printed Documents

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Content Sample:

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Overview

This section of the EPA Stylebook describes standards for the creation and development of graphic elements of
most EPA public information materials. In covering most of the categories of graphic elements, we, in turn cover
a broad range of considerations and activities associated with producing those elements. Specifically, this section
includes:

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Such basic aspects of graphics work as typography, layout and composition

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More advanced levels of work, such as color scheme, appropriate uses of charts and graphs and effective
employment of illustration and photography

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The relationship of design to overall message content and the message content of design, itself

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On many levels, the general category of graphics work involving logos and related symbols, especially the use of
official EPA identifiers in our own communications and those done in cooperation with other governmental and
private organizations

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Design is, itself, communication and carries a message. While good graphic design is aesthetically pleasing its
function is to communicate, not simply decorate or attract attention to verbal content. In typography, graphic
considerations literally cannot be separated from text, but in all respects verbal and design elements should work
together. Variously they complement or supplement a message that might not be conveyed by either element alone.

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Perhaps least interesting, but most important, is that good graphic design, generally following an appropriate style,
is a preeminent factor in the economics of communication. Good graphic design saves money in the direct costs of
production and the often much higher costs of time and labor.

..

As with most of this stylebook, the information in this section is helpful in itself, but also should be read in connection
with the EPA Communication Product Review process.
General Guidelines

..

Sometimes applying general principles can be a bit of a balancing act, but there is no real conflict among any of the
general guidelines for actual production work in our communications. They are:

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Effective communication the totality of this manual is about that

Efficiency / cost efficiency

Good quality / best professional practices

Ecological soundness including sustainable production practices

EPA Administrative Orders and Policies (detailed all throughout this manual)

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Government Printing Office (GPO) rules and guidelines (NOTE: GPO Stylebook is being revised through 2008-2009.
EPA is not obliged to follow it in all cases, but as a matter of policy follows closely because it represents an
excellent compendium of good production practices.)

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By federal government standards EPA does not have a large budget, so considerations of cost-efficiency and
cost-effectiveness must be relatively high on our scale of priorities.

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In sheer numbers, most EPA communications products tend to be print materials. No medium is better than another
in any general way. The best medium and format is the one that is suitable and appropriate to convey its message to
its target audience in an effective and efficient way. Print is an important focus for our work.

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Internally, the Office of Public Affairs and the Printing Management Office closely coordinate their work through the
Communications Product Review process and the EPA Printing Guidelines. As an EPA communicator, you should
know the procedures and processes of those offices before undertaking a public communication print project.

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Other media have fewer broadly established requirements in federal agencies. Largely the requirements for EPA
communications are the same as the professional and commercially accepted standards of the various media from
promotional products to broadcasting to exhibits and displays.

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Color Printing vs. Black and White

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Many color considerations from a production standpoint are based on the assumption that materials are produced
on a printing press. Most large quantity printing jobs are must be done that way. Color considerations from a design
standpoint, or for small quantity jobs (e.g., color photocopying) might not apply, at least not as strictly, or in the
same way. A tricky element that is involved here is that work which begins in desktop publishing software, perhaps
intended as low-volume production, might become more involved, difficult and costly if you decide to take it to
large-scale production later.

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Using color is an important consideration for large quantities that are to be run on a press. In those circumstances
the cost is usually much higher to produce in color. The simple addition of one or two colors will increase costs
noticeably. The use of full color (See glossary: process color, four color) will raise costs even more noticeably.

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A principle that should apply from a design standpoint that can affect production significantly is that the use of color
should promote effective communication. Mere cosmetic or decorative qualities are among the very least important
reasons to employ color. Where they are the only reasons, to the extent that they increase costs, they are reasons
to choose a less colorful design.

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Note that standard black (or blue) ink is a color, so, for example a two color job would be black plus one other color;
not two colors in addition to black or blue.

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See Section 18-2 of GPO s Printing and Binding Regulations for categories of multi-color printing as having
demonstrable value to the government.

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As a rule of thumb, if an audience is seeking the information contained within, and needs no further motivation to
read it all, nor direction to specific parts of the document, then one color probably will suffice. That is a simple
principle that applies mainly to instances in which color is used simply to guide the eye of the reader and does not
function in terms of content, as such. If color is needed for clarity, identification, or efficiency, or if the audience is
likely to want the information but unlikely to seek it out, or read it easily then two or more colors could be appropriate,
especially if the document concerns public health or consumer issues.

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This rule-of-thumb guidance is not official policy and should not be relied on without confirmation
from EPA s Printing Management Office.

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If more than two colors of ink are required on a page, a written justification is to be submitted to the Agency printing
officer citing the applicable GPO criteria described above.

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Requirements and Printing Regulations

Use of Employee Photographs

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Photographs of EPA staff should be reproduced when they:

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Relate entirely to the transaction of public business, and are in the public interest

Relate directly to the subject matter and are necessary to explain the text

Do not serve to aggrandize any individual

Are in good taste and do not offend proper sensibilities

Are restricted to the minimum size necessary to accomplish their purpose

Illustrate employees actually engaged in an act or service related to their official duties

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Unless a publication is specifically designed to highlight employees (such as an awards ceremony program),
mug shots of executives, managers or staff should not be included in publication. Employees may be photographed,
as appropriate to the message, in performance of their duties. In fact, that can be an excellent message in the right
context.

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Despite the restrictions cited above, the use of illustrations to enhance the communication of information in
publications is encouraged. The following guidance should prove beneficial.

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When using one or two colors, photographs especially photographs of people look best if printed in black ink

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When using multi-color printing, all colors must be specified as proportions of process inks
(Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Key or black) and not using numerous Pantone ink colors; specifying with Pantone
ink numbers could result in using more than four colors of ink

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Keep illustrations as simple and uncluttered as possible

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Electronic-Design Print Publishing

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The goal of this section is to provide best practice guidance to originators who create publishing products via desktop
computers. No specific instructions are given for creating the perfect electronic file, but suggestions are provided to
simplify the process and minimize potential problems. The art and science of producing printed publications using
commercial offset lithography or the digital method requires different structured files. As an example, the colors
produced by these reproduction means are very different and often limited compared to desktop printing.
Understanding the requirements and limitations of commercial reproduction will definitely affect the final cost.

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Platform: Electronic files should be created using either the Macintosh OS 10.2 system or later or Microsoft s
Windows OS 2000 or XP. The Macintosh is the primary platform used by the print publishing industry and thus using
this process often results in fewer problems and typically with lower overall costs. Either platform is acceptable, however.

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File Submission: Files can be submitted on any commercially-established media, such as a CD or DVD. If submitting
a DVD, make sure that the format of the DVD drive used by the end user is the same format as the DVD drive used for
recording. Note: DVD-RW drives only record on R and RW discs, and DVD+RW drives only record on +R and +RW
discs. Make sure your blank DVD disks are compatible with your drive. The minus format is the most popular format
for Windows users and is almost universally accepted by Mac users as their standard DVD recordable format.

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Commonly-Accepted Publishing Software: The following programs are the preferred programs of the commercial printing
industry. Files created using the following software output with fewer problems than files created in programs not
designed for print publishing (such as word-processing software, i.e., Microsoft Word ). Other programs could be used,
but unless they support prepress functions (e.g., CMYK and Pantone color, trapping, bleeds, crop marks and color
separation), problems will likely occur. Originators who use programs other than those listed below should supply
high-resolution, press optimized PDF files (press quality, CMYK, and embed all fonts when saving the files as a PDF)
and also include the native files on the CD.

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Macintosh Platform

Page Layout: Adobe InDesign, QuarkXPress, Adobe FrameMaker

Drawing/Illustration: Adobe Illustrator, Macromedia FreeHand

Image Manipulation: Adobe Photoshop

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Windows Platform

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Page Layout: Adobe InDesign, QuarkXPress, Adobe FrameMaker, Adobe FrameMaker

Drawing/Illustration: Adobe Illustrator, Corel Draw, Macromedia Free Hand

Image Manipulation: Adobe Photoshop

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File Formats for Print: Furnish files in native format. For example, using a Windows version of InDesign, the file will be
saved with an .indd extension. Using the save feature of most publishing software creates a native application file.

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If the Adobe Acrobat Portable Document Format (PDF) file format is used, the submitted file must be created properly.
The PDF must contain embedded fonts, graphics, color data and layout structure. Also, design elements must contain
appropriate information, e.g., color space, fonts, resolution, in order to be output properly. PDF files created specifically
for web use might not output well for print publishing due to resolution, color and other issues. PDF files for press output
must be created using the appropriate settings in Acrobat Distiller, not through the PDFWriter. PDF files created using
the PDFWriter are not acceptable for print publishing. Information for instructions on creating high quality PDF files can
be found at many Web site, including Adobe, PDFZone and PlanetPDF. Information is also available from GPO s
Institute for Federal Printing and Electronic Publishing. Also, please note that bleeds cannot be obtained from a PDF file.

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PostScript files, commonly referred to as print-to-file or print-to-disk, are similar to PDF files in that they are designed as
self-contained, platform independent, print-driver files, e.g., contain fonts, graphics and layout structure. The majority of
GPO s vendors prefer not to receive PostScript files because they often contain output limitations specific to the print
driver used to create the file. Also, if PostScript files are submitted, EPA will be responsible for any PostScript errors
encountered during output.

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File Formats for Deliverables: Whenever a document has been printed through GPO, EPA can request that a digital
deliverable be furnished to the Agency. This deliverable can be formatted for online use or for future reprinting. It is up to
the originator to determine the desired format for the digital deliverable. Sample formats are listed below.

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Hypertext Markup Language (HTML): This is the most common format for creating web pages. HTML can be exported
from most programs used for layout. HTML files are readily searchable and are best use for publications that do not
require a high degree of document structure (e.g., formatting, graphic fidelity and page structure) and are not required
to visually match the printed version. If links, formatting, graphics/animation, hand coding, etc., are required, these
features can be time consuming and costly.

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Acrobat PDF: This is the most common format for presenting documents online or subsequent reprinting. PDF files
are relatively easy to create and when printed to an office printer, product design and page formatting are maintained.
However, the type of digital deliverable PDF that is requested is determined by the desired use press or online.

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Press PDF: A press-optimized PDF should be requested for subsequent printing. These PDF s contain embedded
fonts, graphics, color data, and layout structure.

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Online PDF: A screen/web optimized PDF is used for online viewing or printing from an office printer,
NOT FOR PRESS.

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Fonts: PostScript Type 1 fonts is the printing industry standard. The entire font set (Macintosh printer and screen
fonts; Windows .pfm and pfb files) should be provided. Only include the font sets used in the job and not your
entire font collection. Font files that contain features such as kerning and tracking MUST be provided. Fonts such
as True Type and OpenType fonts may be used, but most commercial print vendors prefer files using PostScript
fonts. Do not mix font types.

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One way to avoid font problems with graphic files is to convert all type matter in the graphic to either outlines,
paths or curves, depending on the software. Keep in mind, however, that once converted to outline/path/curve,
text is very difficult to edit.

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Printing in Color: Any file requiring four-color process separations must be submitted in CMYK only. Do not submit
color files in RGB. Any file requiring spot-color separations should be defined by the proper spot-color Pantone
number and identified as spot colors for output. When printing in grayscale black ink, any color information should
be removed.

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Note: When RGB (red, green, and blue pixels) is converted to CMYK (cyan, magenta, yellow and black) for process
printing, a color shift will occur. RGB colors are used for electronic display (computer monitor, TV, projector screen, etc.),
NOT FOR COMMERCIAL PRINTING. Word processing software such as Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, Excel, and Corel
WordPerfect use RGB and are not designed for CMYK output.

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Note: When specifying Pantone spot colors, be aware that coated Pantone colors are not the same as uncoated
Pantone colors. Since EPA only uses uncoated paper, be sure that all specified Pantone numbers are uncoated,
i.e., Pantone 462U and not Pantone 462C.

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Color visuals that are furnished with the electronic files which have been output from office printers are not a good
representation of the final printed product due to the physical differences between ink in traditional printing; inks,
toners, and dyes in digital printing; and the colorants used in desktop color printers and their calibration. Also,
printing proof colors might not be a good representation of the actual colors on the printed product due to the final
product being printed on recycled paper.

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Scanning Images for Digital Printing: Scan all images (color and grayscale photographs) at a resolution of 300 pixels
per inch at an input-to-output size ratio of 1 to 1. For example, a 3 x 5 inch original photograph that is to be printed
at 3 x 5 inches should be scanned at 300 pixels per inch, where the same photograph to be printed at 6 x 10 inches
should be scanned at 600 pixels per inch. All other enlargements and reductions are similarly proportional. Scan all
line art as bitmap images with a resolution between 800 and 1200 pixels per inch, based on the same 1 to 1 ratio.
Scanned images should be saved as uncompressed TIFF or EPS files. Images should be cropped, rotated, and
scaled prior to placement into the page layout file, which is best accomplished in the image manipulation program,
not in the page layout program. Also, working in layers whenever possible with raster images makes corrections
much easier to achieve.

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If using a digital camera to capture images for print publishing, avoid using the compression schemes built into
digital cameras. If compression is necessary, use the lowest possible (highest quality) compression option available.
Always save images from digital cameras as TIFF files before editing and submitting for printing. Also be aware of color
shifts with images from digital cameras. The RGB color data (JPEG) could cause the on-screen view and color printer
appearance to differ from the printed output. Requesting contract color proofs should show any color shift problems.

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Linking Files: All files must be linked properly. If using Adobe InDesign, use Place to establish external links.
Using the Edit menu to cut and paste graphic files between programs could yield unacceptable results cutting and
pasting color images from Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, Excel, can cause output problems such as color shift and
system crashes. If graphic files have been modified in an originating program after placement in the page layout file,
they MUST be updated (relinked).

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Proofing: The furnished visual (output from desktop/office printer) is used as a general guide, not as a proof. It is not
a suitable proofing medium due to the physical differences between: (1) ink in traditional printing; (2) inks, toners,
and dyes used in digital printing; (3) colorants used in desktop color printers; and (4) calibration of the color printer.
If the furnished files contain any errors, print vendors are not obligated to verify that their output will match the
supplied visual. For this reason, it is wise to get proofs for all jobs supplied on electronic media.

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Extraneous Images: Do not include non-imaging files or files that are for position only on the production disk.
If they have been included, be sure to indicate that they DO NOT PRINT. Non-printing images can cause confusion
and might cause the file to fail.

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Gradients: To avoid problems with banding, gradients should be properly created. Gradients should generally range
from 3 to 97 percent for offset printing (avoid using 0 and 100 percent), where digital printing requires a higher
percentage in the highlight.

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Tint Screens: Never use fine-detail tint screens (under 5 percent). Fine-detail screens appear acceptable when
imaged to desktop printers (300-600 dpi) but virtually disappear when imaged at higher resolutions. As a general
rule, start with 10 percent and increase in increments of 10 percent. If possible, avoid any screen higher than 90
percent.

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Rules: Never use rules that are less than .5 point. Hairline rules appear acceptable when imaged to desktop printers
(300-600 dpi) but virtually disappear when imaged at greater resolutions.

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Bleeds: Bleeds are to be provided by the originator and must be included in all files that image off the final printed
page. As a general rule, allow 1/8 inch minimum for any bleed.

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EPA Policy Regarding Paper Stocks

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All printing paper products used by EPA are to meet the standards of the New Environmental Standards for EPA
Paper and Publications, which was set forth by the Deputy Administrator in his memorandum of January 2001.
This standard for paper requires the use of 100 percent recycled paper with a minimum 50 percent post consumer
fiber content. Printing will be done using vegetable-based inks and process chlorine free paper. The Deputy
Administrator also directed that all EPA internal and external publications prominently display the recycled logo
with a statement indicating the recycled paper content, processed chlorine free, and using vegetable-based ink.
EPA documents and publications must be printed on paper stocks that can easily be recycled. Therefore,
litho-coated, matte-coated, and dull-coated paper stocks are not acceptable for use in EPA documents.

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Paper Savings and Standard Paper Sizes

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Because of the costs of paper, shipping, mailing and printing, in most cases copy should be single-spaced.
All publications should be printed front and back. Consider appropriate paper-saving techniques, such as combining
tables and figures with text on one page and reduce and crop figures and photographs to a smaller size consistent
with clarity. The Joint Committee on Printing established standard paper sizes for government printing. A few sample
sizes mandatory for EPA publications include: 17 by 11 inches, 8-1/2 by 11 inches, 5-1/2 by 8-1/2 inches, and 8
by 3-5/8 inches. These sizes can be cut from larger sheets with a minimum of waste resulting in cost-savings
publications.

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snip

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Writing Guide

Grammar, Punctuation, Spelling, Vocabulary, Syntax and Usage

http://www2.epa.gov/stylebook/epa-communications-stylebook-writing-guide

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On this page:

Introduction – Writing Style in General

What is the EPA Writing Style?

Abbreviations, acronyms, ampersands, bylines, credits, capitalization, disclaimers, numbers, spelling –
one word or two, and more.

Punctuation Pointers

Grammar Guides

Structure and Style Recommendations

How to Structure Communications

More Elements of Style

Process Suggestions

The Substance of Style

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Content Sample

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Introduction – Writing Style in General

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This section of the stylebook outlines EPA’s writing style. Generally, writing style comprises grammar, punctuation,
vocabulary, syntax and usage. Stylebooks can go beyond that, into narrative style, even identifying organizational
and human values to be reflected in communication.

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In our basic style, EPA employs the significant work that has been done for us and for millions of other readers
and writers by the Associated Press (AP), one of the largest communication services in the world. In the great
majority of cases regarding grammar and usage, EPA follows the AP Stylebook, which you can view online in
HTML or PDF format.

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Our rights agreement with AP strictly prohibits EPA staff from downloading hard copies or individual pages of our
on-line AP Stylebook. It is a large volume with over 700 pages, and you can purchase hard copies from the AP
on-line shop or at a local bookstore. Since it is a relatively low-cost item, the AP Stylebook can be obtained
through the small purchase authority of most EPA offices. You are of course free to peruse the manual online;
you simply cannot download or print the book. We hope that this much shorter and free EPA stylebook can
act as a “cheat sheet” for you.

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In our academic courses, many of us learned writing styles from such widely used manuals as Strunk and White,
Turabian and the Modern Language Association. These are the manuals that taught us the style commonly called
standard English.

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Others of us were guided in academic and professional careers by respected styles such as those of the American
Psychological Association, American Bar Association, American Nurses’ Association and a number of others.
Those styles convey useful ideas and are employed well beyond the immediate membership of their groups, but are
not broadly oriented to the wide variety of public interests and audiences that EPA must reach.

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A final point about style in general: It is not a restriction on creativity. The most creative organizations in the world
have style manuals. Many of them run hundreds or thousands of pages. The most successful book publishers in
New York, animation studios in California, and package designers in Chicago have style manuals. They are designed
to help organizations communicate in a clear and consistent way. Staying on the road, after all, does not keep you
from arriving at the destination.

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What is the EPA Writing Style?

..

Short answer: Associated Press (AP)

..

Longer answer: Keep reading

..

This section of the EPA Stylebook will help you uphold the general and distinctive qualities that define EPA’s writing
style. At its core, EPA style is simply the AP Stylebook.

..

AP style is what the general public is accustomed to seeing because it is the official stylebook of the newspaper
industry. As noted earlier, EPA has an online subscription to the AP book on our Intranet. AP updates its stylebook
to accommodate changes in conventions and usage.

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View the AP Stylebook online.

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View a guide to frequently asked questions about AP style Exit

..

This section of the EPA stylebook covers basic issues of grammar, punctuation and usage. This is the core of our
style and mostly dictates requirements and rules. Think of this section as the bricks and lumber to build your house.
This might not be the actual house, but without good materials and the proper structure, your house will fall apart.

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Style Notes to Remember

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The following are requirements of basic punctuation, grammar and usage of EPA writing which modify, supplement,
or in some cases reiterate AP style. They are important points that we want you to remember. These areas include:

Abbreviations
Acronyms
Ampersands
Bylines/credits
Capitalization
Disclaimers
Diversity
Gender bias
Numbers
Passive/active voice
Plain language
Regional designations
Spelling – one word or two?
Titles
Words and structure – fixing some common mistakes
Writing for kids

..

Abbreviations – Always spell out “United States” when it appears as a noun. “Southwest” is one word; it is abbreviated
“SW” like all other compass points. As an adjective, “U.S.” is acceptable. State abbreviations: Abbreviation is only
appropriate in long lists, addresses, and when used in conjunction with the name of a city, town, village or military base
in that state. Per the AP Stylebook, use non-Postal Service abbreviations like “Ala.,” “Ariz.,” “Ga.” and “N.M.” in
conjunction with the name of a city, town, village or military base. Eight states are not abbreviated in text: Alaska, Hawaii,
Idaho, Iowa, Maine, Ohio, Texas and Utah. Use the two-letter Postal Service abbreviations only with full addresses,
including the ZIP code.

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Acronyms – Acronyms are acceptable as long as they were spelled out the first time they appeared.

..

In addition, the acronym “EPA” is a proper noun; it should be used by itself without “the” in front. For example,
a sentence should begin “EPA will …” instead of “The EPA will …”

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Ampersands (&) – Use ampersands only when they are part of a formal name (e.g., C & O Railroad)
or when space is at a premium.

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Bylines and Staff Credits (see also later section: Self-aggrandizement ) – GPO printing and binding regulations state:
“The printing of government employee bylines in government publications shall be confined to the authors of articles
appearing therein, and to the photographers who have originated the pictures contained therein.”

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In this connection:

..

Byline refers to any name listed for credits as opposed to employee names integral to the text itself.

Author applies to an individual who has conceived of, created, or is responsible for a text or section thereof.

Author cannot be extended to cover supervisors, managers, advisors, staff committee or workgroup members and
other such contributors, who may, however, be listed under “acknowledgments.”

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You can acknowledge other non-contractor organizations or individuals representing them, although acknowledging
an organization alone typically suffices. Contract numbers can be listed, but not the names of contractor staff members.
Using the name of the contractor firm is discouraged and should only be used for a specific reason. EPA is solely and
entirely responsible for the work of its contractors. Once published, all contractor work is officially ours.

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A page for acknowledgements is permitted; as appropriate encouraged, but only acknowledgements – not thanks,
not dedications, gratitude, nor congratulations. The work belongs to EPA and EPA does not use the resources of
American taxpayers to publish thanks or congratulations to our employees for doing their work. Acknowledgements
can and in some cases should indicate which EPA staff offices or staff members produced the work.
Acknowledgements are especially helpful in indicating particular reliability of authors and their credentials and providing
resources the audience may contact for supplemental information.

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Capitalization – Do not capitalize terms such as waste management, disposal, pollution prevention, non-governmental
organization, legislation, project, offices, endnote, and sector, and do not capitalize chemical names like lead,
mercury, or dioxins. In titles and lists, capitalize only the first word, proper nouns, and other words that would normally
be capitalized. Do not capitalize the first letter of each word or all letters.

..

Agency/agency – capitalized when the Agency refers specifically to EPA, as opposed to a generic organization.

..

Federal, local, native, natives, state, states, tribal, tribes – lowercase unless they begin a sentence or form part of
an official title: Cherokee Indian Tribe. Lowercase when used alone and in plural form: U.S. states, the Sioux and
Navajo tribes. Lowercase the adjectives tribal and native unless they are parts of a proper name: tribal art, Hopi tribal
leaders, Ojibway Tribal Council, Virginia native. Note that Native Americans, American Indians, Indian Country and
Alaskan Native Villages should be capitalized.

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Internet – a proper noun; capitalize it.

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Region, regional – capitalize it when referring to a specific EPA regional office: “EPA Region 10 is responsible for…” or
“EPA Regions are responsible for…”. Do not capitalize it if you are referring to a geographic region: “The New England
region was hit with heavy snow…”

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Section, article – not capitalized, even when referring to one part of a law or regulation: “OGC interprets section
1502(b) to mean…”

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Title – capitalized when referring to a part of a law or regulation; not capitalized otherwise: “OGC interprets
Title 41 to include…” but “The brochure’s title should be revised.”

..

Web – according to the AP Stylebook, capitalize web when it refers to the World Wide Web, as in “the Web”
or “Web page.” Note, however, that per the AP Stylebook website, webcam, webcast, and webmaster are single,
lowercase words.

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Disclaimers – Documents that include articles by non-EPA employees expressing their own opinions require the
following disclaimer: The material in this document has been subject to Agency technical and policy review, and
approved for publication as an EPA report. The views expressed by individual authors, however, are their own, and
do not necessarily reflect those of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

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Draft documents require the following disclaimer: This text is a draft that has not been reviewed for technical
accuracy or adherence to EPA policy; do not quote or cite

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Documents that refer to particular companies, trade or service names, product names, or other commercial
references require the following disclaimer: Mention of trade names, products, or services does not convey
official EPA approval, endorsement, or recommendation.

..

Diversity – Diversity is an important issue that should be considered in the development of every communication.

..

Gender Bias – Use gender-neutral words. Consult sources like the U.S. Department of Labor’s Dictionary of
Occupational Titles or Rosalie Maggio’s book The Nonsexist Word Finder. View Web-based guidance
on plain language writing .

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Numbers – Per the AP Stylebook, spell whole numbers below the number 10, but use figures for numbers
10 and above. Common exceptions to this rule include a 5-year-old girl, 3 percent, 6 cents; another common
exception is that a number at the beginning of a sentence should be spelled: Twelve program offices and all
10 regional offices think OPA is a pain in the wazoo.

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Passive/Active Voice – Use active voice as much as possible. Writing is much more lively and interesting to
read in active voice. Passive sentences are often, although not always, written in past tense, and the actors
are obscured. For example, “mistakes were made.” By whom? Active sentences are strong, clear, simple and
credible.

Passive: “A cleanup plan will be issued this summer.”

Active: “EPA will issue a proposed cleanup plan this summer.”

Plain Language – Along with all federal agencies and departments, EPA must use plain language in our
communications with the general public and those specialized groups to which Agency communications
are often directed. Plain language is communication your audience can understand the first time they read
or hear it. Plain language is defined by results-it is easy to read, understand, and use. Additional guidance
is available from the General Services Administration’s Language Network on the Internet at

http://www.plainlanguage.gov

(See also below in Key Elements of Structure.)

..

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EPA logo usage and policies

http://www2.epa.gov/stylebook/epa-communications-stylebook-logo-guide

..

Using the EPA seal and logo

http://www2.epa.gov/stylebook/using-epa-seal-and-logo

..

..

View the entire Stylebook

http://www2.epa.gov/stylebook/communication-product-standards-stylebook

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Stylebook Index

http://www2.epa.gov/stylebook/index-print-version-epa-stylebook

http://www2.epa.gov/sites/production/files/documents/ index_to_PDF_version_of_stylebook.pdf

http://tinyurl.com/o7fdpfu

..

Abbreviations 18, 65
Abstract 65
Accuracy 21,32-33
Acrobat PDF 60
Acronyms 18 65
Action Orientation 22, 33
Active Voice 20,29
Agency Printing Officer 82
Ampersands 18
Anchor Elements 63-64
Appendices 67
Articles Published in Referenced Journals
Notices 99
Assistance Agreement 95
Associated Press (AP) Stylebook 17, 32
Audience 31
Audiovisuals 73, 74
Authorities and Legal Information Guide 89, 100
Authors Under Contract 94
Available Colors 84
Back Matter 67
Bankcard Usage 63, 84
Bibliography 67
Bitmapped Graphics 85
Black & White Printing 58
Bleeds 62
Body of Report 66
Book Chapters 70
Borrowed Ideas 30
Bullets 25
Business Cards 71, 72
Bylines and Staff Credits 18
Camera Backdrops 74, 75
Camera Copy Printing 80
Capitalization 19
Cataloging 80
CD Duplication 70
Checklist for Product Development 10-11
Children’s Documents/Sites 21
Chronological Structure 28-29
Clarity 27
Clear Space for Logo 41
Clich 30
Color Film Separation 86
Color Ink Approval 84
Color of Logo 42
Color Page Charge 83
Color Printing 58, 61
Color Requirements 84
Color Splits 86
Comma 24
Commercial Products 98
Communication 28-29
Communication Materials 68
Communications 105, 106, 111
Comptroller General Opinion 82
Computer Software and Data Copyright 97
Conference Proceedings 98
Conjunctions 26
Consistency 27
Contents 65
Contractors Works 94
Cooperative Agreements 94
Coordination 33
Copy Center Job 84
Copyright Announcement 99
Copyright Contractor 95
Copyright Materials 95
Copyright Notices 99
Copyright Protection 93
Copyright Trademark Laws 93, 95
Copyrights of Grantees 94
Cost Estimates for Print Jobs 82
Depth for Children 21
Disclaimer 19,97
Disclaimer of Endorsement 19, 100
Disclaimer of Liability 100
Diversity 20
Document Preparation for Printing 81
Document Typing 85
Draft Product 97
Dramatic Structure 29
Electronic Design and Prepress (EDPP) files 81
Electronic Document Making 81
Electronic File Printing 80
Electronic-Design Print Publishing 59
Elliptical Sentences 26
Emphasis on Skills Building 22
Employee Photographs 59
Endorsements 19, 39
Energy Star 93
Envelopes 72
EPA Assistance Agreements 94
EPA Contracts 94
EPA Form 1900-8 82
EPA Form 2200-9 82
EPA Graphic Standards System 40
EPA Printing Manual 82
EPA Publication Number 64
EPA Publication Numbering System 77-80
EPA Writing Style 17
Ethical Conduct 39
Exclamation Marks 24
Exhibits and Displays 75
Extraneous Images 61
Fact Sheets 69
Factors of Fair Use 96
Fair Use Doctrine 96
Federal Acquisition Regulation 94
Figures 66
File Formats for Deliverables 60
File Formats for Print 60
File Submission 59
Finance and Operations law office 97
Fonts 60, 61
Foreign Government Copyright Notices 99
Forward 65
Four-Color Process 84
Front Matter of a Book 65
Gender Bias 20
Glossary 67
Government Printing Office (GPO) 81
Government Works 94
Governmental Sanction 39
GPO Form 82
Gradients 62
Grantees Works 94
Grants 94
Graphic Elements 57
Graphic Standards System 40, 45
Handbooks 69
Headlines 27-28
Hierarchy of Interest 28
Hip Language 30
Honesty 32
HTML 60
Hyphens 25
In House Printing 63, 81
Inclusiveness 33
Incomplete Sentences 26
Incorrect Logo Usage 43
Index 67
Individual Authors 94
Ink Color Guide 84
Instructional Soundness 22
Jargon 30
JCP 100
Jewel Case Inserts 70, 71
Joint Committee on Printing 82
Journal Articles 70, 82, 98
Journal Copyright 82
Key Points 28
Key Selling Point 28
Lead 28
Letterhead 72
Linking Files 61
Lists 65
Logical Structure 29
Logo Policies 39-45, 84
Logo Usage 41-43, 84
Logos for Partnerships 48-50
Macintosh Platform 60
Main Theme 28
Manuals 69
National Technical Information Service 95
Networking 111
Non-EPA Related Logos 84
Notice 97, 99
Novelty Items/Giveaways 71, see web page
http://www.epa.gov/stylebook (Section on Novelty Items)
Numbers 20
Office Identification Codes 78
Office of Public Affairs 84, 111
OPA 84
Page Charges 82
Pantone Matching System 84
Paper Savings 62
Paper Sizes 62
Paper Stock 62
Parallel Construction 27
Passive Voice 20
Paying for Journal Article Page Reprints 84
PDF Files 81
Peer Review 63, 76
Periods 25
Permission Letter 95
Personal Graphics Logos 84
Photographs 85
Photographs of Employees 59
Pictures of Children 97
Plain Language 20,28
Platform 59
Podium Signage 74, 75
Positive Statements 29
Post Doctoral Program Employees Notices 99
Poster Presentations 72, 73
PostScript 85
Preface 65
Prepositions 26
Price Estimates for Printing 84
Print and Web Publishing 100
Print Collateral Materials 70
Print Examples for Partnerships and Programs 50
Print Promotional Materials 70
Printing and Binding Regulations 82
Printing Control Officer 82
Printing Electronic Files 84
Printing Job Guidelines 80-86
Printing Management Office 82
Printing Q & As 84
Printing through outside Printing Company 84
Printing Top Tips 85
Proceedings 70
Process Suggestions 31-32
Processes and Forms for Print Publishing, 76
Procurement Request form 84
Procurement Request/Order 82
Product Review 76, 84
Product Review Checklist 10-11
Production 106-107
Professional Page Layout 85
Project Reports 69
Promotional Products/Giveaways 71, see webpage
http://www.epa.gov/stylebook (Section on
Novelty Items)
Proofing 61
Proofs 84
Public Communication Documents 93
Publication Numbering 11, 77-80
Published Papers 70
Publishing Software 59
Punctuation Pointers 24-25
Purchasing Reprints from Journal 83
Questions and Answers for Printing 84-85
Quotation Marks 25
Recycling 64
Redundancy 30
References 67
Regional Offices 19,20
Repetition 30
Reports 31, 69
Reports Notices 99
Reprints 82,83
Reproducing Colors 84
Required forms for Camera Copy Printing 82
Research Reports 68
Resources 31
Rhetorical Structure 29
Samples of Publications with EPA Logo 51
Scanning Images 61
Seal Usage 44
Second Person 29
Self-Aggrandizement 30, 59
Selling Point 28
Semicolons 25
Sentence Length 28
Service Mark (SM) 93
Simplicity 31
Smart Way 93
Spelling 20-21
Split Infinitives 27
Standard Paper Sizes 62
Standards of Ethical Conduct for Employees of the
Executive Branch 39
Stationary 72
Structure 27-29
Structure of the Publication Number 77
Style 29
Style Notes 18
Subjunctive 31
Submit Document for Printing 81
Summary of Communications Structure 28
Tables 66
Text 66
Themes 40
Tint Screens 62
Title 19, 21-22, 27-29
Title Page 65
TM 93
Tone 29
Top Ten Printing Tips 85
Touchpoints 45
Trade Names 98
Trademarks (TM) 93, 95
Training 105-107
TrueType 85
Two-color Printing 82
Type Codes 79
Usability 22
Use of Copyright Materials 95
User’s Guides 69
USGPO 100
Vector Graphics 85
Verification 33
WaterSense 93
Web 19, 21
Web Forms 82
Web Server and Multimedia Copyright 100
Windows Platform 60
Words and Structure 22-24
Works for Hire 94
Writing Basics 105
Writing for Kids 21
Writing Style 17-20

..

..

Other Sections of the Stylebook

http://www2.epa.gov/stylebook

Introduction
Authorities and Legal Information
Training and Education
Who’s Who and Networking Through EPA Communications
Appendix A – Bibliography and Sources for this Manual
Appendix B – Glossary

..

..

Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 – 4584
jwne@temple.edu
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
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Research Guides
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PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
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Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
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SPORT-MED
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HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
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Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
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The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
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[Net-Gold] WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS : MEDICINE : HEALTH : UNITED STATES: GOVERNMENT: U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY: United States Environmental Protection Agency. EPA Communications Stylebook

[Net-Gold] Libraries Are the Future of Manufacturing in the United States

..

..
INDUSTRY INDUSTRIES INDUSTRIAL: MANUFACTURING :

LIBRARIES :

LIBRARIANS :

DIGITAL HUMANITIES :

DIGITAL INITIATIVES :

DIGITAL SCHOLARSHIP :

INNOVATION CENTERS:

Libraries Are the Future of Manufacturing in the United States

http://tinyurl.com/nfgre5t
“Public libraries are becoming a one-stop shop for manufacturing in the digital age.”
“DIY spaces where people can go to access resources and exchange ideas in order to create and invent things.”
..

Related Links Found at the URL provided above
A link to the full text of this article

Customized “In-Office” Three-Dimensional Printing for Virtual Surgical Planning in Craniofacial Surgery

The 3D Printing Revolution

Makerspaces in Libraries

Related Research Guides

Including

Digital Rights Management (DRM) and Digital Scholarship

Intellectual Property, Copyright Law, Plagiarism, Trademarks and Patents

Digital Scholarship, Digital Humanities, Digital Initiatives
and Innovation Centers Sources

How to Write a Research Paper: The Major Skill Sets

http://tinyurl.com/p3xul7b

This link also illustrates linking to specific content sections in a Libguide to provide outside the guide linking to specific parts of a guide web page inside the guide.

=============================================
This link shows in the top green section how to produce a limited site map
to LibGuides sections such that one can easily Summon this information if your library uses both Libguides and Summon and you enjoy the fine art of copy and paste.
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/

============================================
Finally, a field like tourism does no real manufacturing, outside of the manufacturing of interest in visiting places one has never seen before, so
digital initiatives are completely irrelevant to them.

I am not at all sure about that one.

Google

http://tinyurl.com/pu38ldt

..

..

Google Scholar

http://tinyurl.com/p3tvwgp

..

..

Google Books

http://tinyurl.com/npnv5sq

..

..
Google Videos

http://tinyurl.com/qjmvq32

..

..

Google Domain Limited Web Search (BLOGS)

http://tinyurl.com/nc3tab9

..

..

Google Domain Limited Web Search (GOV)

http://tinyurl.com/p8pjrm3

..

..

Google Domain Limited Web Search (STATISTICS)

http://tinyurl.com/nwxlpcg

..

..

Google Domain Limited Web Search (JSTOR)

http://tinyurl.com/nd9gj3e

..

..

Google Domain Limited Web Search (SCIENCEDIRECT)

http://tinyurl.com/nd9gj3e

..

..

..
So feel welcome to visit our new Digital Scholarhip Center at Temple University Libraries either in person or virtually

http://tinyurl.com/q3kwmxq

..

..

In the meantime, it is Summer here, so have a nice TRIP

http://tinyurl.com/p2elm58

..

..

WEBBIB1516

http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy

..

..
Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 – 4584
jwne@temple.edu
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
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Research Guides
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AND
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RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
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EMPLOYMENT
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HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
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PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
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Blog
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Articles by David Dillard
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Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
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Nina Dillard’s Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
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[Net-Gold] Libraries Are the Future of Manufacturing in the United States

[Net-Gold] INDUSTRY INDUSTRIES INDUSTRIAL: MANUFACTURING : LIBRARIES : LIBRARIANS : DIGITAL HUMANITIES : DIGITAL INITIATIVES : DIGITAL SCHOLARSHIP : INNOVATION CENTERS: Libraries Are the Future of Manufacturing in the United States

..

..

INDUSTRY INDUSTRIES INDUSTRIAL: MANUFACTURING :

LIBRARIES :

LIBRARIANS :

DIGITAL HUMANITIES :

DIGITAL INITIATIVES :

DIGITAL SCHOLARSHIP :

INNOVATION CENTERS:

Libraries Are the Future of Manufacturing in the United States

..

..
Libraries Are the Future of Manufacturing in the United States

Public libraries are becoming a one-stop shop for manufacturing in the digital age. Because libraries are investing in machines like 3-D printers, someday soon everyone with access to a public library could become an inventor or create something.

JUSTIN LYNCH

JULY 27, 2015

http://www.psmag.com/nature-and-technology/ libraries-are-the-future-of-manufacturing-in-the-united-states

..

A shorter URL for the above link:

..

http://tinyurl.com/npzc6gt

..

..
In the Chicago area, theres a nearly exact replica of a 10-year-old boys head. Its not an exact replica because, last year, he had a cranial defect. Doctors needed to perform craniofacial surgery on his skull to protect his brain.

..

Operating on the brain or skull leaves little room for error. If something goes wrong I can destroy that person’s character … forever, said noted neurosurgeon Henry Marsh in the 2009 documentary The English Surgeon.

..

It helps to make a model. A team of doctors at the Loyola University Medical Center wanted to do just that to assist the doctors performing the operation, but ordering a replica of the boys skull would have taken two to three weeks and cost about $4,000. Instead, they went to the Chicago Public Library as part of a trial study and printed out a replica of the boys skull using a 3-D printer. The model of the skull was sanitized, and took just 12 hours to make. It cost $20 and the surgery was successful.

..

Public libraries are becoming a one-stop shop for manufacturing in the digital age.

..

The surgery is an example of how people are using public libraries in new and important ways. Public libraries are becoming a one-stop shop for manufacturing in the digital age. Because libraries are investing in machines like 3-D printers, someday soon everyone with access to a public library could become an inventor or create something.

..

Did a car part break? Use a 3-D scanner to digitize the part and create an exact replica of it. Need to make a cheap prototype of your invention? You can work with a library specialist to design it. Want to make your own custom jewelry? Use a 3-D printer and sell it on Etsy.

..

It is about making knowledge available and initiating the public to make knowledge themselves, says Jeroen de Boer, co-author of the upcoming book Makerspaces in Libraries. Makerspaces are the places where knowledge exchange happens in new ways. Libraries are increasingly inviting places for these areas, which are essentially DIY spaces where people can go to access resources and exchange ideas in order to create and invent things.
..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..
Related Resources

The English Surgeon Article

http://www.theenglishsurgeon.com/?view=film

..

..
J Craniofac Surg. 2015 Jul;26(5):1584-6. doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000001768.
Customized “In-Office” Three-Dimensional Printing for Virtual Surgical Planning in Craniofacial Surgery.
Mendez BM1, Chiodo MV, Patel PA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Virtual surgical planning using three-dimensional (3D) printing technology has improved surgical efficiency and precision. A limitation to this technology is that production of 3D surgical models requires a third-party source, leading to increased costs (up to $4000) and prolonged assembly times (averaging 2-3 weeks). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility, cost, and production time of customized skull models created by an “in-office” 3D printer for craniofacial reconstruction.

METHODS:

Two patients underwent craniofacial reconstruction with the assistance of “in-office” 3D printing technology. Three-dimensional skull models were created from a bioplastic filament with a 3D printer using computed tomography (CT) image data. The cost and production time for each model were measured.

RESULTS:

For both patients, a customized 3D surgical model was used preoperatively to plan split calvarial bone grafting and intraoperatively to more efficiently and precisely perform the craniofacial reconstruction. The average cost for surgical model production with the “in-office” 3D printer was $25 (cost of bioplastic materials used to create surgical model) and the average production time was 14?hours.

CONCLUSIONS:

Virtual surgical planning using “in office” 3D printing is feasible and allows for a more cost-effective and less time consuming method for creating surgical models and guides. By bringing 3D printing to the office setting, we hope to improve intraoperative efficiency, surgical precision, and overall cost for various types of craniofacial and reconstructive surgery.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26106998

..

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Cranioplasty

http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/ test_procedures/neurological/cranioplasty_22,Cranioplasty/
OR
http://tinyurl.com/orxex7p

..

..
Why No Ones Laughing at Princess Twilight Sparkle
Or, how to keep 3D printing revolutionary

New America

https://context.newamerica.org/why-no-one-s-laughing-
at-princess-twilight-sparkle-994833f32af0
OR
http://tinyurl.com/ob2z9hg

..

..
Makerspaces in Libraries
Volume 4 of Library Technology Essentials
Authors Theresa Willingham, Jeroen de Boer
Contributor Ellyssa Kroski
Publisher Rowman & Littlefield, 2015
ISBN 1442253010, 9781442253018
Length 158 pages

1 An Introduction to Makerspaces

2 Getting Started with Makerspaces

3 Tools and Applications

4 Library Examples and Case Studies

5 Step by Step Library Projects

6 Tips and Tricks

7 Future Trends

Recommended Reading

Index

About the Authors

http://tinyurl.com/qjg9xz9

http://tinyurl.com/p462pel

..

..
Makerspaces in Libraries Survey Results 2013

http://tinyurl.com/phdlg9s

..

..
Related Research Guides

DATABASE SEARCHING:

Russell Conwell Center Research Guides.

Search Technique Resources and Finding Tools

http://guides.temple.edu/databases

..

..
Digital Rights Management :

Russell Conwell Information Literacy Guide Series :

Digital Rights Management (DRM) and Digital Scholarship

http://guides.temple.edu/digital-rights

..

..

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY:

Russell Conwell Guide Series:

Intellectual Property, Copyright Law, Plagiarism, Trademarks and Patents

http://guides.temple.edu/IP

..

..
Digital Scholarship, Digital Humanities, Digital Initiatives
and Innovation Centers Sources

http://guides.temple.edu/digital-humanities

..

..

RESEARCH PAPERS:

Russell Conwell Center Research Guides:

How to Write a Research Paper

http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers

..

..
How to Write a Research Paper: The Major Skill Sets

http://tinyurl.com/p3xul7b

..

..
Net-Gold Content Regarding Digital Scholarship

http://tinyurl.com/p6wadrg
..

..

WEBBIB1516

http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy

..

..

Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 – 4584
jwne@temple.edu
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Research Guides
http://tinyurl.com/qy3gq6g
AND
https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/
RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard’s Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html
..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

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[Net-Gold] INDUSTRY INDUSTRIES INDUSTRIAL: MANUFACTURING : LIBRARIES : LIBRARIANS : DIGITAL HUMANITIES : DIGITAL INITIATIVES : DIGITAL SCHOLARSHIP : INNOVATION CENTERS: Libraries Are the Future of Manufacturing in the United States

[Net-Gold] CRIME AND CRIMINALS: MURDER HOMICIDE : POLICE BRUTALITY : UNITED STATES: CITIES: CINCINNATI, OHIO : LAW: CASES : POLICE MISCONDUCT: BLATENT DECEPTION: The Samuel Dubose Shooting Video Proved the Police Incident Report was Totally Bogus

.

.

CRIME AND CRIMINALS: MURDER HOMICIDE :

POLICE BRUTALITY :

UNITED STATES: CITIES: CINCINNATI, OHIO :

LAW: CASES :

POLICE MISCONDUCT:

BLATENT DECEPTION:

The Samuel Dubose Shooting Video
Proved the Police Incident Report was Totally Bogus

..

..
The Samuel Dubose Shooting Video
Proved the Police Incident Report was Totally Bogus

German Lopez

July 29, 2015, 3:51 p.m. ET

Vox

http://www.vox.com/2015/7/29/9069145/samuel-dubose-video-body-cameras

..

..
The body camera footage of the police shooting of Samuel DuBose shows not just how far video can go in getting an indictment and criminal charges against cops, but how it can dispel misleading claims from officers in the aftermath of a shooting.

..

The incident report filed by University of Cincinnati police, for instance, made two false claims: that Tensing was dragged by the car, and that he was almost run over by the vehicle.

..

“Officer Tensing stated that he was attempting a traffic stop (No front license plate) when, at some point, he began to be dragged by a male black driver who was operating a 1998 Green Honda Accord (OH.GLN6917),” the report stated. “Officer Tensing stated that he almost was run over by the driver of the Honda Accord and was forced to shoot the driver with his duty weapon.”

..

But based on the video, these claims seem to get the timeline of events wrong. The car started moving very slowly to the point that it’s hard to make out whether it was moving at all. Within seconds, Tensing reached into the vehicle and shot DuBose in the head. He then fell over, stumbling a good distance away from the car.

..

Tensing never appears to be dragged by or attached to the vehicle, and he’s never close to being run over. When he falls over after firing the shot, he’s so far away from the car that he has to run after it as it accelerates. (DuBose’s body appears to have fallen against the pedal after he was shot dead, causing the vehicle to accelerate, according to Hamilton County Prosecutor Joe Deters.)

..

Without the video, it’s much less likely a grand jury would have agreed to an indictment for murder and voluntary manslaughter, and the Republican prosecutor on the case who called the killing “asinine,” “senseless,” and “unwarranted” at a press conference may not have been so confident that a murder charge was called for. Without video these cases tend to turn into he-says-she-says situations between civilians and police officers, and grand juries and prosecutors tend to see the police as more credible.
..

..

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

..

..

Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 – 4584
jwne@temple.edu
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
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View This Message (#2443): https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/message/2443

[Net-Gold] CRIME AND CRIMINALS: MURDER HOMICIDE : POLICE BRUTALITY : UNITED STATES: CITIES: CINCINNATI, OHIO : LAW: CASES : POLICE MISCONDUCT: BLATENT DECEPTION: The Samuel Dubose Shooting Video Proved the Police Incident Report was Totally Bogus

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY : PHYSICAL EXERCISE : PHYSICAL FITNESS : LIFESYTLES : LEISURE : ACTIVE TRAVEL : SPORTS PARTICIPATION : HOUSEWORK : MENTAL HEALTH : MENTAL ILLNESS : STATISTICS : DATA : DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS : RESEARCH : BIBLIOGRAPHIES : QUATITATIVE : QUALITATIVE: Data and Research Regarding Relationships between Physical Exercise and Matters Like Lifestyle Leisure Travel and Mental Health and Mental Illness

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY :

PHYSICAL EXERCISE :

PHYSICAL FITNESS :

LIFESYTLES :
LEISURE :

ACTIVE TRAVEL :

SPORTS PARTICIPATION :

HOUSEWORK :

MENTAL HEALTH :
MENTAL ILLNESS :

STATISTICS :

DATA :

DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

RESEARCH :

BIBLIOGRAPHIES :

QUATITATIVE :

QUALITATIVE:

Data and Research Regarding Relationships between
Physical Exercise and Matters Like Lifestyle Leisure
Travel and Mental Health and Mental Illness
..

..
WEBBIB1516

http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy

..

..

Google Scholar

http://tinyurl.com/ok5hayk

..

Sample Citations

..
Physical activity and mental health
in the United States and Canada:
Evidence from four population surveys
Author:
Stephens, Thomas
Journal:
Preventive Medicine
ISSN:
0091-7435
Date:
01/1988
Volume:
17
Issue:
1
Page:
35 – 47
DOI:
10.1016/0091-7435(88)90070-9

..

Association between physical activity
and mental disorders among adults in the United States
Author:
Goodwin, Renee D View Author Profile
Journal:
Preventive Medicine
ISSN:
0091-7435
Date:
06/2003
Volume:
36
Issue:
6
Page:
698 – 703
DOI:
10.1016/S0091-7435(03)00042-2

..

Leisure-Time Physical Activity Among US Adults
Results From the Third National Health and Nutrition
Examination Survey
Author:
Crespo, Carlos J. View Author Profile
Journal:
Archives of internal medicine (1960)
ISSN:
0003-9926
Date:
01/1996
Volume:
156
Issue:
1
Page:
93
DOI:
10.1001/archinte.1996.00440010113015

..

All-Cause Mortality Associated With Physical Activity
During Leisure Time, Work, Sports, and Cycling to Work
Author:
Andersen, Lars Bo View Author Profile
Journal:
Archives of internal medicine (1960)
ISSN:
0003-9926
Date:
06/2000
Volume:
160
Issue:
11
Page:
1621
DOI:
10.1001/archinte.160.11.1621

..

Physical fitness training and mental health.
Author:
Folkins, Carlyle H.
Journal:
The American psychologist
ISSN:
0003-066X
Date:
1981
Volume:
36
Issue:
4
Page:
373 – 389
DOI:
10.1037/0003-066X.36.4.373

..
A descriptive epidemiology of leisure-time physical activity.
Author:
Stephens, T T View Author Profile
Journal:
Public health reports (1974)
ISSN:
0033-3549
Volume:
100
Issue:
2
Page:
147
PMID:
3920713

..
Physical activity and stroke.
A meta-analysis of observational data.
Author:
Wendel-Vos, G C W GC
Journal:
International journal of epidemiology
ISSN:
0300-5771
Date:
08/2004
Volume:
33
Issue:
4
Page:
787 – 798
PMID:
15166195
DOI:
10.1093/ije/dyh168
..
Moderate leisure-time physical activity:
who is meeting the public health recommendations?
A national cross-sectional study.
Author:
Jones, D A View Author Profile
Journal:
Archives of family medicine
ISSN:
1063-3987
Volume:
7
Issue:
3
Page:
285
PMID:
9596466

..

Occupation, Hours Worked, and Leisure-Time Physical Activity
Author:
Burton, Nicola W. View Author Profile
Journal:
Preventive Medicine
ISSN:
0091-7435
Date:
12/2000
Volume:
31
Issue:
6
Page:
673 – 681
DOI:
10.1006/pmed.2000.0763

..

Relationship of Leisure-Time Physical Activity
and Mortality The Finnish Twin Cohort
Author:
Kujala, Urho M.
Journal:
JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association
ISSN:
0098-7484
Date:
02/1998
Volume:
279
Issue:
6
Page:
440
DOI:
10.1001/jama.279.6.440

..

Sports participation and emotional wellbeing in adolescents
Author:
Steptoe, A.S View Author Profile
Journal:
Lancet
Date:
06/1996
Volume:
347
Issue:
9018
Page:
1789 – 1792
DOI:
10.1016/S0140-6736(96)91616-5

..

The relation of physical activity and exercise to mental health.
Author:
Taylor, C B
Journal:
Public health reports (1974)
ISSN:
0033-3549
Volume:
100
Issue:
2
Page:
195
PMID:
3920718

..

Leisure-time physical activity in university students from 23 countries:
associations with health beliefs, risk awareness,
and national economic development
Author:
Haase, Anne View Author Profile
Journal:
Preventive medicine
ISSN:
0091-7435
Date:
07/2004
Volume:
39
Issue:
1
Page:
182 – 190
DOI:
10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.01.028

..

..

Google Books

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..

..

Google Domain Limited Web Search (GOV)

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..

Google Domain Limited Web Search (STATISTICS)

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Google Domain Limited Web Search (RESEARCH)

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Google Domain Limited Web Search (PUBMED)

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Google Domain Limited Web Search (JSTOR)

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Google Domain Limited Web Search (SCIENCEDIRECT)

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..

..

Temple Summon Search

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437,417 results
Source Type
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Web Resource 395
..

..
TRIP

http://tinyurl.com/plg2j59

..

..
These Research Guides May Provide Types on Systematic Review Development
and on Statistical Sources

..

..
META ANALYSIS AND SYSTEMATIC REVIEW:

Russell Conwell Guide Series:

How to Create a Meta Analysis and a Systematic Review

http://guides.temple.edu/Meta-Analysis

..

..

Statistical Sources

Page ONE

http://tinyurl.com/pfbmr2e

Page TWO

http://tinyurl.com/lo68djy
Page THREE

http://tinyurl.com/mgek3k3

This is a work in progress, expect dead links at the bottom of Page 3

..

..

The Entire Research Process

http://tinyurl.com/p3xul7b
..

..

WEBBIB1516

http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy
..

..

Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 – 4584
jwne@temple.edu
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
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Research Guides
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AND
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RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
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EMPLOYMENT
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HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info
Educator-Gold
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K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Center Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard’s Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html
..

..

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
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View This Message (#11): https://groups.io/org/groupsio/SportMed/message/11

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY : PHYSICAL EXERCISE : PHYSICAL FITNESS : LIFESYTLES : LEISURE : ACTIVE TRAVEL : SPORTS PARTICIPATION : HOUSEWORK : MENTAL HEALTH : MENTAL ILLNESS : STATISTICS : DATA : DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS : RESEARCH : BIBLIOGRAPHIES : QUATITATIVE : QUALITATIVE: Data and Research Regarding Relationships between Physical Exercise and Matters Like Lifestyle Leisure Travel and Mental Health and Mental Illness