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Libraries Are the Future of Manufacturing in the United States
Libraries Are the Future of Manufacturing in the United States
Public libraries are becoming a one-stop shop for manufacturing in the digital age. Because libraries are investing in machines like 3-D printers, someday soon everyone with access to a public library could become an inventor or create something.
JULY 27, 2015
A shorter URL for the above link:
In the Chicago area, theres a nearly exact replica of a 10-year-old boys head. Its not an exact replica because, last year, he had a cranial defect. Doctors needed to perform craniofacial surgery on his skull to protect his brain.
Operating on the brain or skull leaves little room for error. If something goes wrong I can destroy that person’s character … forever, said noted neurosurgeon Henry Marsh in the 2009 documentary The English Surgeon.
It helps to make a model. A team of doctors at the Loyola University Medical Center wanted to do just that to assist the doctors performing the operation, but ordering a replica of the boys skull would have taken two to three weeks and cost about $4,000. Instead, they went to the Chicago Public Library as part of a trial study and printed out a replica of the boys skull using a 3-D printer. The model of the skull was sanitized, and took just 12 hours to make. It cost $20 and the surgery was successful.
Public libraries are becoming a one-stop shop for manufacturing in the digital age.
The surgery is an example of how people are using public libraries in new and important ways. Public libraries are becoming a one-stop shop for manufacturing in the digital age. Because libraries are investing in machines like 3-D printers, someday soon everyone with access to a public library could become an inventor or create something.
Did a car part break? Use a 3-D scanner to digitize the part and create an exact replica of it. Need to make a cheap prototype of your invention? You can work with a library specialist to design it. Want to make your own custom jewelry? Use a 3-D printer and sell it on Etsy.
It is about making knowledge available and initiating the public to make knowledge themselves, says Jeroen de Boer, co-author of the upcoming book Makerspaces in Libraries. Makerspaces are the places where knowledge exchange happens in new ways. Libraries are increasingly inviting places for these areas, which are essentially DIY spaces where people can go to access resources and exchange ideas in order to create and invent things.
The complete article may be read at the URL above.
The English Surgeon Article
J Craniofac Surg. 2015 Jul;26(5):1584-6. doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000001768.
Customized “In-Office” Three-Dimensional Printing for Virtual Surgical Planning in Craniofacial Surgery.
Mendez BM1, Chiodo MV, Patel PA.
Virtual surgical planning using three-dimensional (3D) printing technology has improved surgical efficiency and precision. A limitation to this technology is that production of 3D surgical models requires a third-party source, leading to increased costs (up to $4000) and prolonged assembly times (averaging 2-3 weeks). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility, cost, and production time of customized skull models created by an “in-office” 3D printer for craniofacial reconstruction.
Two patients underwent craniofacial reconstruction with the assistance of “in-office” 3D printing technology. Three-dimensional skull models were created from a bioplastic filament with a 3D printer using computed tomography (CT) image data. The cost and production time for each model were measured.
For both patients, a customized 3D surgical model was used preoperatively to plan split calvarial bone grafting and intraoperatively to more efficiently and precisely perform the craniofacial reconstruction. The average cost for surgical model production with the “in-office” 3D printer was $25 (cost of bioplastic materials used to create surgical model) and the average production time was 14?hours.
Virtual surgical planning using “in office” 3D printing is feasible and allows for a more cost-effective and less time consuming method for creating surgical models and guides. By bringing 3D printing to the office setting, we hope to improve intraoperative efficiency, surgical precision, and overall cost for various types of craniofacial and reconstructive surgery.
Why No Ones Laughing at Princess Twilight Sparkle
Or, how to keep 3D printing revolutionary
Makerspaces in Libraries
Volume 4 of Library Technology Essentials
Authors Theresa Willingham, Jeroen de Boer
Contributor Ellyssa Kroski
Publisher Rowman & Littlefield, 2015
ISBN 1442253010, 9781442253018
Length 158 pages
1 An Introduction to Makerspaces
2 Getting Started with Makerspaces
3 Tools and Applications
4 Library Examples and Case Studies
5 Step by Step Library Projects
6 Tips and Tricks
7 Future Trends
About the Authors
Makerspaces in Libraries Survey Results 2013
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