DISASTERS: HURRICANES : COUNTRIES: HAITI : ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE : SAFFIR-SIMPSON HURRICANE WIND SCALE: Hurricane Matthew: Haiti South ‘90% Destroyed’

 

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DISASTERS: HURRICANES :

COUNTRIES: HAITI :

ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE :

SAFFIR-SIMPSON HURRICANE WIND SCALE:

Hurricane Matthew: Haiti South ‘90% Destroyed’

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Hurricane Matthew: Haiti South ‘90% Destroyed’

8 October 2016

BBC News

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-37596222

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Nearly 900 people are known to have been killed by Hurricane Matthew in Haiti, with aid officials saying up to 90% of some areas have been destroyed.

Some of the hardest-hit towns are yet to be reached by land, and there are fears more bodies will be found.
Parts of Haiti’s south had faced “complete destruction”, aid workers told the BBC.

Hurricane Matthew has now made landfall in South Carolina in the US, having battered Florida on Friday.

The US National Hurricane Center (NHC) has downgraded it to a Category One hurricane, with maximum sustained winds having decreased to 75mph (120km/h).

But the NHC warned of a “serious inland flooding event unfolding”.
The storm is due to hit North Carolina later.

Hurricane Matthew in pictures

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-37583008

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Hurricane response: How do Haiti and Florida compare?

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-37583008

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Aid lessons from Haiti quake

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-37589090

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Rescue efforts are under way in Haiti to assess the destruction left in the wake of the most powerful Caribbean storm in a decade.

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At least 877 people were confirmed dead late on Friday, local officials told Reuters news agency.
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One of the survivors in the village of Chantal told Reuters a tree had flattened his house.

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“The entire house fell on us. I couldn’t get out,” Jean-Pierre Jean-Donald said.

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“People came to lift the rubble, and then we saw my wife, who had died.”

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The storm passed directly through the Tiburon peninsula – encompassing Haiti’s entire southern coast – driving the sea inland and flattening homes with winds of up to 230km/h (145mph) and torrential rain.

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The main road connecting the capital, Port-au-Prince, to the southern coast has been destroyed.

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Kate Corrigan, a nurse working with charity Innovating Health International in Port-au-Prince, told the BBC some small towns were almost inaccessible.

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Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale

http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/aboutsshws.php

Climatology |

http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/climo/

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Names |

http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/aboutnames.shtml

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Wind Scale |

http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/aboutsshws.php

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Extremes |

http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/dcmi.shtml

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Models |

http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/aboutmodels.shtml

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Breakpoints

http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/breakpoints.php

========================================================================

The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale is a 1 to 5 rating based on a hurricane’s sustained wind speed. This scale estimates potential property damage. Hurricanes reaching Category 3 and higher are considered major hurricanes because of their potential for significant loss of life and damage. Category 1 and 2 storms are still dangerous, however, and require preventative measures. In the western North Pacific, the term “super typhoon” is used for tropical cyclones with sustained winds exceeding 150 mph.

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Category        Sustained Winds Types of Damage Due to Hurricane Winds
1       74-95 mph
64-82 kt
119-153 km/h    Very dangerous winds will produce some damage: Well-constructed frame homes could have damage to roof, shingles, vinyl siding and gutters. Large branches of trees will snap and shallowly rooted trees may be toppled. Extensive damage to power lines and poles likely will result in power outages that could last a few to several days.

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2       96-110 mph
83-95 kt
154-177 km/h    Extremely dangerous winds will cause extensive damage: Well-constructed frame homes could sustain major roof and siding damage. Many shallowly rooted trees will be snapped or uprooted and block numerous roads. Near-total power loss is expected with outages that could last from several days to weeks.

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3
(major) 111-129 mph
96-112 kt
178-208 km/h    Devastating damage will occur: Well-built framed homes may incur major damage or removal of roof decking and gable ends. Many trees will be snapped or uprooted, blocking numerous roads. Electricity and water will be unavailable for several days to weeks after the storm passes.

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4
(major) 130-156 mph
113-136 kt
209-251 km/h    Catastrophic damage will occur: Well-built framed homes can sustain severe damage with loss of most of the roof structure and/or some exterior walls. Most trees will be snapped or uprooted and power poles downed. Fallen trees and power poles will isolate residential areas. Power outages will last weeks to possibly months. Most of the area will be uninhabitable for weeks or months.

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5
(major) 157 mph or higher
137 kt or higher
252 km/h or higher      Catastrophic damage will occur: A high percentage of framed homes will be destroyed, with total roof failure and wall collapse. Fallen trees and power poles will isolate residential areas. Power outages will last for weeks to possibly months. Most of the area will be uninhabitable for weeks or months.

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The complete article may be read at the URL above.

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Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 – 4584
jwne@temple.edu
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

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DISASTERS: HURRICANES : COUNTRIES: HAITI : ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE : SAFFIR-SIMPSON HURRICANE WIND SCALE: Hurricane Matthew: Haiti South ‘90% Destroyed’

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