[Environment] ENVIRONMENT: GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE : PERMAFROST: Arctic Cities Crumble as Climate Change Thaws Permafrost

 

.

.

ENVIRONMENT: GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE :

PERMAFROST:

Arctic Cities Crumble as Climate Change Thaws Permafrost

.

.

Arctic Cities Crumble as Climate Change Thaws Permafrost

ALEC LUHN

SCIENCE

DATE OF PUBLICATION: 10.20.16.

TIME OF PUBLICATION: 7:00 AM.

Wired

https://www.wired.com/2016/10/ thawing-permafrost-destroying-arctic-cities/

.

A shorter URL for the above link:

.

http://tinyurl.com/hp4ahhy

.

.

This story originally appeared on the Guardian and is part of the Climate Desk collaboration.

At first, Yury Scherbakov thought the cracks appearing in a wall he had installed in his two-room flat were caused by shoddy workmanship. But then other walls started cracking, and then the floor started to incline. We sat on the couch and could feel it tilt, says his wife, Nadezhda, as they carry furniture out of the flat.

Yury wasnt a poor craftsman, and Nadezhda wasnt crazy: One corner of their five-story building at 59 Talnakhskaya Street in the northern Russian city of Norilsk was sinking as the permafrost underneath it thawed and the foundation slowly disintegrated. In March 2015, local authorities posted notices in the stairwells that the building was condemned.

Cracking and collapsing structures are a growing problem in cities like Norilska nickel-producing centre of 177,000 people located 180 miles above the Arctic Circleas climate change thaws the perennially frozen soil and increases precipitation. Valery Tereshkov, deputy head of the emergencies ministry in the Krasnoyarsk region, wrote in an article this year that almost 60 percent of all buildings in Norilsk have been deformed as a result of climate change shrinking the permafrost zone. Local engineers said more than 100 residential buildings, or one-tenth of the housing fund, have been vacated here due to damage from thawing permafrost.

In most cases, these are slow-motion wrecks that can be patched up or prevented by engineering solutions. But if a foundation shifts suddenly it can put lives at risk: cement slabs broke a doctors legs when the front steps and overhanging roof of a Norilsk blood bank collapsed in June 2015. Building and maintenance costs will have to be ramped up to keep cities in Russias resource-rich north running.

Engineers and geologists are careful to note that technogenic factors like sewer and building heat and chemical pollution are also warming the permafrost in places like Norilsk, the most polluted city in Russia. But climate change is deepening the thaw and speeding up the destruction, at the very same time that Russia is establishing new military bases and oil-drilling infrastructure across the Arctic. Greenpeace has warned that permafrost thawing has caused thousands of oil and gas pipeline breaks.

.

snip

.

Global warming has been tied to more frequent forest fires and flooding across Russia, but its impact on permafrost, which covers two-thirds of the countrys territory, is also beginning to be felt. At least seven giant craters have been discovered in Siberiareportedly caused by thawing permafrost allowing methane to explode out of the groundand a 12-year-old boy in Salekhard died from anthrax in August after thawing released bacteria.

.

snip

.

If temperature monitoring or visible deformations tip maintenance workers off in time, structures can be saved. Thermosyphons were installed to cool the soil under the apartment block at 36 Nansen Street when temperature probes showed warming there, for instance.

.

But sometimes changes come too suddenly. A brick office building on Komsomolskaya street cracked like an egg one September morning in 2009 and stands empty to this day. A top corner of the building pitched forward 28 inches, sending jagged fissures up the middle of its facade and squashing windows.

.

.

The complete article may be read at the URL above.

.

.

Database Search Results:

Permafrost and Climate Change FROM Google Images

http://tinyurl.com/jh7rvwm

.

Permafrost and Climate Change FROM Google Videos

http://tinyurl.com/jetuffy

.

Permafrost and Climate Change FROM YouTube

http://tinyurl.com/hhhjq7k

.

Permafrost and Climate Change FROM Temple Summon Search

http://tinyurl.com/h34q3rb

Archival Material (4) Include Exclude
Audio Recording (100) Include Exclude
Book / eBook (11,773) Include Exclude
Book Chapter (1,225) Include Exclude
Book Review (568) Include Exclude
Conference Proceeding (365) Include Exclude
Data Set (16) Include Exclude
Dissertation/Thesis (1,955) Include Exclude
Electronic Resource (5) Include Exclude
Government Document (376) Include Exclude
Journal / eJournal (44) Include Exclude
Journal Article (15,622) Include Exclude
Magazine (3) Include Exclude
Magazine Article (1,297) Include Exclude
Manuscript (9) Include Exclude
Map (3) Include Exclude
Newsletter (684) Include Exclude
Newspaper (1) Include Exclude
Newspaper Article (16,786) Include Exclude
Paper (27) Include Exclude
Patent (10) Include Exclude
Publication (28) Include Exclude
Reference (1,189) Include Exclude
Report (590) Include Exclude
Research Guide (10) Include Exclude
Standard (2) Include Exclude
Streaming Video (64) Include Exclude
Student Thesis (2) Include Exclude
Technical Report (78) Include Exclude
Trade Publication Article (114) Include Exclude
Transcript (544) Include Exclude
Video Recording (7) Include Exclude
Web Resource (350)

.

Permafrost and Climate Change FROM Google News

http://tinyurl.com/hccv7mm

.

Permafrost and Climate Change FROM Google Domain Limited Web Search (BLOGS)

http://tinyurl.com/zlorugj

.

Permafrost and Climate Change FROM Google Domain Limited Web Search
(NEWS)

http://tinyurl.com/gww44v4

.

Permafrost and Climate Change FROM Google Domain Limited Web Search
(IMAGES)

http://tinyurl.com/j6j8wv8

.

Permafrost and Climate Change FROM Google Domain Limited Web Search
(VIDEOS)

http://tinyurl.com/j7yfgej

.

Permafrost and Climate Change FROM Google Domain Limited Web Search
(GOV)

http://tinyurl.com/jve2kw5

.

Permafrost and Climate Change FROM Google Domain Limited Web Search
(SCIENCEDIRECT)

http://tinyurl.com/hp3756s

.

Permafrost and Climate Change FROM Google Books

http://tinyurl.com/jcektn6

.

.

.

Selected Scholarly Articles Regarding Climate Change and Climate Change

.

.

Schuur, Edward AG, James Bockheim, Josep G. Canadell, Eugenie Euskirchen, Christopher B. Field, Sergey V. Goryachkin, Stefan Hagemann et al. “Vulnerability of permafrost carbon to climate change: implications
for the global carbon cycle.”
BioScience 58, no. 8 (2008): 701-714.

http://tinyurl.com/jy27xwu

.

Haeberli, Wilfried, and Martin Beniston.
“Climate change and its impacts on glaciers and permafrost in the Alps.”
Ambio (1998): 258-265.

http://tinyurl.com/h27fs3j

.

Cheng, G. and Wu, T., 2007.
“Responses of permafrost to climate change
and their environmental significance, Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.”
Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 112(F2).

http://tinyurl.com/htmpfql

.

Koven, Charles D., Bruno Ringeval, Pierre Friedlingstein, Philippe Ciais, Patricia Cadule, Dmitry Khvorostyanov, Gerhard Krinner, and Charles Tarnocai.
“Permafrost carbon-climate feedbacks accelerate global warming.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
108, no. 36 (2011): 14769-14774.

http://tinyurl.com/zubbks5

.

Gruber, S., and W. Haeberli.
“Permafrost in steep bedrock slopes and its temperature-related
destabilization following climate change.”
Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface 112, no. F2 (2007).

http://tinyurl.com/gudc4tj

.

Smith, M. W., and D. W. Riseborough.
“Permafrost monitoring and detection of climate change.”
Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 7, no. 4 (1996): 301-309.

http://tinyurl.com/h5nfcjw

.

Nelson, F. E., O. A. Anisimov, and Ni I. Shiklomanov.
“Climate change and hazard zonation in the circum-Arctic
permafrost regions.”
Natural Hazards 26, no. 3 (2002): 203-225.

http://tinyurl.com/h8cek4g

.

Jorgenson, M.T., Romanovsky, V., Harden, J., Shur, Y., O’Donnell, J., Schuur, E.A., Kanevskiy, M. and Marchenko, S., 2010.
“Resilience and vulnerability of permafrost to climate change”
This article is one of a selection of papers from
The Dynamics of Change in Alaska’s Boreal Forests:
Resilience and Vulnerability in Response to Climate Warming. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 40(7), pp.1219-1236.

http://tinyurl.com/zq4w85u

.

Anisimov, OLEG A., and FREDERICK E. Nelson.
“Permafrost zonation and climate change in the northern hemisphere:
results from transient general circulation models.”
Climatic Change 35, no. 2 (1997): 241-258.

http://tinyurl.com/h8kd7yp

.

Schuur, Edward AG, and Benjamin Abbott.
“Climate change: High risk of permafrost thaw.”
Nature 480, no. 7375 (2011): 32-33.

http://tinyurl.com/j5qw7zg

.

Anisimov, Oleg A., Nikolai I. Shiklomanov, and Frederick E. Nelson. “Global warming and active-layer thickness: results
from transient general circulation models.”
Global and Planetary Change 15, no. 3 (1997): 61-77.

http://tinyurl.com/jd2jgvn

.

Stendel, M., and J. H. Christensen.
“Impact of global warming on permafrost conditions in a coupled GCM.”
Geophysical Research Letters 29, no. 13 (2002).

http://tinyurl.com/hpw4ccl

.

Halsey, Linda A., Dale H. Vitt, and Stephen C. Zoltai.
“Disequilibrium response of permafrost in boreal continental
western Canada to climate change.”
Climatic Change 30, no. 1 (1995): 57-73.

http://tinyurl.com/zuhaj9k

.

Romanovsky, V., M. Burgess, S. Smith, K. Yoshikawa, and J. Brown. “Permafrost temperature records: indicators of climate change.”
EOS, Transactions American Geophysical Union
83, no. 50 (2002): 589-594.

http://tinyurl.com/h2g4naj

.

Lawrence, David M., and Andrew G. Slater.
“A projection of severe near-surface permafrost degradation
during the 21st century.”
Geophysical Research Letters 32, no. 24 (2005).

http://tinyurl.com/jr2j3ky

.

Schuur, E. A. G., A. D. McGuire, C. Schel, G. Grosse, J. W. Harden, D. J. Hayes, G. Hugelius et al.
“Climate change and the permafrost carbon feedback.”
Nature 520, no. 7546 (2015): 171-179.

http://tinyurl.com/h2hbr98

.

Schneider von Deimling, Thomas, M. Meinshausen, A. Levermann, V. Huber,
K. Frieler, D. M. Lawrence, and Victor Brovkin.
“Estimating the near-surface permafrost-carbon feedback
on global warming.”
Biogeosciences 9 (2012): 649-665.

http://tinyurl.com/zqywpf6

.

Solomon, Susan, ed.
“Climate change 2007-the physical science basis: Working group I
contribution to the fourth assessment report of the IPCC.” Vol. 4. Cambridge University Press, 2007.

http://tinyurl.com/jrpxgme

.

Davidson, Eric A., and Ivan A. Janssens.
“Temperature sensitivity of soil carbon decomposition and feedbacks
to climate change.”
Nature 440, no. 7081 (2006): 165-173.

http://tinyurl.com/zdcatub
.

O’Connor, Fiona M., O. Boucher, N. Gedney, C. D. Jones,
G. A. Folberth, R. Coppell, P. Friedlingstein et al.
“Possible role of wetlands, permafrost, and methane hydrates
in the methane cycle under future climate change: a review.”
Reviews of Geophysics 48, no. 4 (2010).

http://tinyurl.com/zd64lp4

.

.

WEBBIB1617

http://tinyurl.com/gtdzaq3

.

.

Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 – 4584
jwne@temple.edu
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold
https://groups.io/g/Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives
http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

Temple University and Google Sites Research Guides
AND Discussion Group Directory
http://tinyurl.com/ngda2hk

OR

https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/

RESEARCH PAPER WRITING
http://guides.temple.edu/research-papers
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-guide
INTERNSHIPS
http://guides.temple.edu/employment-internships
HOSPITALITY
http://guides.temple.edu/hospitality-guide
DISABILITIES AND EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=134557
INDOOR GARDENING
https://groups.io/g/indoor-gardening
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

PUBLIC HEALTH RESOURCES INCLUDING EBOLA
http://guides.temple.edu/public-health-guide

STATISTICS SOURCES RESEARCH GUIDE
http://guides.temple.edu/statistics-sources

Social Work and Social Issues Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/social-work

Tourism Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/Tourism

Digital Scholarship Discussion Group
https://groups.io/g/DigitalScholarship/threads
https://listserv.temple.edu/cgi-bin/wa?A0=DIGITAL-SCHOLARSHIP
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/digital-scholarship/info
https://digitalscholarshipandscholarlypublication.wordpress.com/

Copyright Research Guide
Copyright, Intellectual Property and Plagiarism Sources
http://guides.temple.edu/copyright-plagiarism
Fair Use
http://guides.temple.edu/fair-use

Blog
https://educatorgold.wordpress.com/

Articles by David Dillard
https://sites.google.com/site/daviddillardsarticles/

Information Literacy (Russell Conwell Guide)
http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Nina Dillard’s Photographs on Net-Gold
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map
https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/o4pn4o9

Rail Transportation
https://groups.io/org/groupsio/RailTransportation

INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/

SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html

.

.

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145
Temple University Listserv Alert :
Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives
https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

.

.

.

-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-

.

.

.

Groups.io Links:

You receive all messages sent to this group.

View/Reply Online (#349):

https://groups.io/g/Environment/message/349

.

.

Advertisements
[Environment] ENVIRONMENT: GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE : PERMAFROST: Arctic Cities Crumble as Climate Change Thaws Permafrost

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s