[SportMed] MEDICAL: CONDTIONS: OBESITY : FOOD DRINK NUTRITION DIET: DRINKS: SUGARY DRINKS: Sugary Drinks and Obesity Fact Sheet: The Problem: Sugary Drinks Are a Major Contributor to the Obesity Epidemic

 

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MEDICAL: CONDTIONS: OBESITY :

FOOD DRINK NUTRITION DIET: DRINKS: SUGARY DRINKS:

Sugary Drinks and Obesity Fact Sheet:
The Problem: Sugary Drinks Are a Major Contributor
to the Obesity Epidemic

The Nutrition Source

Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/sugary-drinks-fact-sheet/

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Two out of three adults and one out of three children in the United States are overweight or obese, (1,2) and the nation spends an estimated $190 billion a year treating obesity-related health conditions. (3) Rising consumption of sugary drinks has been a major contributor to the obesity epidemic. (4) A typical 20-ounce soda contains 15 to 18 teaspoons of sugar and upwards of 240 calories. A 64-ounce fountain cola drink could have up to 700 calories. (5) People who drink this liquid candy do not feel as full as if they had eaten the same calories from solid food and do not compensate by eating less. (6)Beverage companies in the US spent roughly $3.2 billion marketing carbonated beverages in 2006, with nearly a half billion dollars of that marketing aimed directly at youth ages 217. (7) And each year, youth see hundreds of television ads for sugar-containing drinks. In 2010, for example, preschoolers viewed an average of 213 ads for sugary drinks and energy drinks, while children and teens watched an average of 277 and 406 ads, respectively. (8) Yet the beverage industry aggressively rebuffs suggestions that its products and marketing tactics play any role in the obesity epidemic. (9) Adding to the confusion, beverage industry-funded studies are four to eight times more likely to show a finding favorable to industry than independently-funded studies. (10) This fact sheet assembles key scientific evidence on the link between sugary drink consumption and obesity.

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The Evidence:  Soft Drink Consumption Is Rising and Harms Health

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Sugary drink portion sizes have risen dramatically over the past 40 years, and children and adults are drinking more soft drinks than ever.

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Before the 1950s, standard soft-drink bottles were 6.5 ounces. In the 1950s, soft-drink makers introduced larger sizes, including the 12-ounce can, which became widely available in 1960. (11) By the early 1990s, 20-ounce plastic bottles became the norm. (12) Today, contour-shaped plastic bottles are available in even larger sizes, such as the 1.25-liter (42-ounce) bottle introduced in 2011. (13)

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In the 1970s, sugary drinks made up about 4% of US daily calorie intake; by 2001, that had risen to about 9%. (14)

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Children and youth in the US averaged 224 calories per day from sugary beverages in 1999 to 2004nearly 11% of their daily calorie intake. (15) From 1989 to 2008, calories from sugary beverages increased by 60% in children ages 6 to 11, from 130 to 209 calories per day, and the percentage of children consuming them rose from 79% to 91%. (16)

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On any given day, half the people in the U.S. consume sugary drinks; 1 in 4 get at least 200 calories from such drinks; and 5% get at least 567 caloriesequivalent to four cans of soda. (17) Sugary drinks (soda, energy, sports drinks) are the top calorie source in teens diets (226 calories per day), beating out pizza (213 calories per day). (18)

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The complete fact sheet may be read at the URL above.

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Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 – 4584
jwne@temple.edu
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

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[SportMed] MEDICAL: CONDTIONS: OBESITY : FOOD DRINK NUTRITION DIET: DRINKS: SUGARY DRINKS: Sugary Drinks and Obesity Fact Sheet: The Problem: Sugary Drinks Are a Major Contributor to the Obesity Epidemic

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