[SportMed] MEDICAL CONDITIONS: OBESITY : PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS : BEHAVIOR : PHYSICAL ACTIVITY: Changes to Diet, Physical Activity, Behaviour May Reduce Obesity in Children, Adolescents

 

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MEDICAL CONDITIONS: OBESITY :

PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS :

BEHAVIOR : PHYSICAL ACTIVITY:

Changes to Diet, Physical Activity, Behaviour
May Reduce Obesity in Children, Adolescents

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Changes to Diet, Physical Activity, Behaviour
May Reduce Obesity in Children, Adolescents

Date: June 22, 2017
Source: Wiley

Summary:

Making changes to diet, physical activity and behavior may reduce obesity in children and adolescents, suggests a new report.

Science Daily

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/06/170622083018.htm

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Latest health evidence shows that making changes to diet, physical activity and behaviour may reduce obesity in children and adolescents.

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Two Cochrane Reviews published today are the last in a series of related systematic reviews summarizing evidence on the effects of different interventions for treating obesity and overweight in childhood and adolescence.

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The reviews summarize the results of 114 studies which involved over 13,000 children and young people. They show that a combination of diet, physical activity and behavioural change interventions may reduce weight in children aged six to 11 years and in adolescents aged 12 to 17, but there are limitations in the studies and variation in the results.

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Childhood and adolescent obesity is one of the leading global public health concerns. Rapid weight gain in children as young as six years old has increased globally, and has significant mental and physical health consequences such as diabetes, high blood pressure, asthma, sleep problems and low self-esteem. Obesity in childhood and adolescence can persist into adulthood, increasing the risk of poor health in later life.

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Both these latest Cochrane Reviews will inform ongoing work by the World Health Organization. The two reviews look at the effects of diet, physical activity and behavioural interventions in treating children with overweight or obesity from six years old to early adulthood. They are the last two reviews in a series of six that covers surgery, drug therapy, interventions targeting parents only, and lifestyle interventions for children of pre-school age.

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The childhood review looks at evidence from 70 studies conducted in over 8,000 six to 11 year olds from Europe, the USA, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, Japan and Malaysia. Most studies compared behaviour-changing interventions with no treatment or usual care. The majority of trials (65/70) involved both the child and their parents or caregivers.

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Story Source:

Materials provided by Wiley. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

Journal References:

Emma Mead, Tamara Brown, Karen Rees, Liane B Azevedo, Victoria Whittaker, Dan Jones, Joan Olajide, Giulia M Mainardi, Eva Corpeleijn, Claire O’Malley, Elizabeth Beardsmore, Lena Al-Khudairy, Louise Baur, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Alessandro Demaio, Louisa J Ells. Diet, physical activity and behavioural interventions for the treatment of overweight or obese children from the age of 6 to 11 years. Cochrane Reviews, June 2017 DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD012651

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Lena Al-Khudairy, Emma Loveman, Jill L Colquitt, Emma Mead, Rebecca E Johnson, Hannah Fraser, Joan Olajide, Marie Murphy, Rochelle Marian Velho, Claire O’Malley, Liane B Azevedo, Louisa J Ells, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Karen Rees. Diet, physical activity and behavioural interventions for the treatment of overweight or obese adolescents aged 12 to 17 years. Cochrane Reviews, June 2017 DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD012691

Wiley. “Changes to diet, physical activity, behaviour may reduce obesity in children, adolescents.” ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 22 June 2017.

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/06/170622083018.htm

RELATED TOPICS

Health & Medicine

Diet and Weight Loss
Obesity
Fitness
Children’s Health
Teen Health
Diseases and Conditions
Nutrition
Staying Healthy

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[SportMed] MEDICAL CONDITIONS: OBESITY : PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS : BEHAVIOR : PHYSICAL ACTIVITY: Changes to Diet, Physical Activity, Behaviour May Reduce Obesity in Children, Adolescents

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