+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE.
– Volume 17, Issue 01, July 02, 2018.
An email newsletter to distribute news and information about web
design and development.
++ISSUE 01 CONTENTS.
SECTION ONE: New references.
What’s new at the Web Design Reference site?
New links in these categories:
02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.
04: EVALUATION & TESTING.
09: STANDARDS, GUIDELINES & PATTERNS.
13: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?
++ SECTION ONE: New references.
Make Sure Accessibility is Afloat
By Susanna Laurin.
“…Susanna Laurin’s simple recipe for success with wooden boats and
accessibility…” Includes: “Good planning… Start on time… Correct
tools… Patience… Check while working… Ask for help when needed…”
Deep Dive: How Audio Description Benefits Everyone
By Elisa Edelberg.
“Many products and features that we come across daily evolved from
products and ideas meant to increase accessibility…”
WCAG 2.1: Exploring the New Success Criteria
By Jonathan Avila.
“…This is the second of a three-part series about WCAG 2.1…”
Does WCAG 2.1 Replace 2.0? When Should You Adopt WCAG 2.1?
By Jonathan Avila.
“This is the final post in a three-part series about WCAG 2.1…”
WCAG 2.1 – Exploring Pointer Gestures
By Becky Gibson.
“…This article is part of a series that explains the new SC in more
detail. We will start with the first of five SC associated with the
only new Guideline. It is Guideline 2.5 Input Modalities and is aimed
at improving mobile accessibility…”
WCAG 2.1 – 2.5.2 Pointer Cancellation
By Becky Gibson and Eric Eggert.
“…This third post in our ongoing series of new WCAG 2.1 Success
Criteria covers the next success criterion within the new 2.5 Input
Modalities guideline aimed at mobile: 2.5.2 Pointer Cancellation
1.3.4: Orientation – New SC in the WCAG 2.1
By Suman Damera.
“There are some users, especially people with cerebral palsy who uses
wheel chair, keep their phone/tab in the fixed orientation(either
portrait or landscape)…”
What WCAG 2.1 Means for Email Marketers
By Jason Rodriguez.
“…Here’s what email marketers and developers should know about WCAG
2.1, with a few thoughts on how to take the new criteria into account
in your own email campaigns…”
Members of Congress Urge DOJ to Declare That Private Website
Accessibility Lawsuits Violate Due Process
By Minh N. Vu and Samuel Sverdlov.
“Responding to the surge of website accessibility lawsuits filed under
Title III of the ADA, 103 members of Congress from both parties sent a
letter to Attorney General Sessions urging action to stem the tide of
website accessibility lawsuits.”
Eleventh Circuit Doesn’t Give a Hoot About Prior Settlement Agreements
By Jennifer S. Rusie.
“On June 19, 2018, in Haynes v. Hooters of America, LLC, 2018 WL
3030840 (11th Cir. 2018), the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals
eliminated a useful defense strategy in the website accessibility
arena when it held that a business’s agreement to remediate its
website in a prior, private settlement did not render moot subsequent
actions seeking the same relief.”
Why You Don’t Want to be a Test Case and How to Stop Serial Website Plaintiffs
By William Goren.
“…website accessibility is back in the news. In particular, just how
successful can a company be in fending off website accessibility
litigation. Also, we will discuss why website accessibility litigation
is here to stay, and we will try to read some tea leaves as to how the
Supreme Court will deal with the issue…”
+02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.
What is the CSS ‘ch’ Unit?
By Eric A Meyer.
“I keep seeing authors and speakers refer to the ch unit as meaning
Optimizing CSS: ID Selectors And Other Myths
By Ivan Čurić.
“…you shouldn’t worry about selector performance…always do your own
tests. Don’t just believe what someone wrote on the internet a few
The Craft of CSS
By Jens Oliver Meiert.
“How well does the craft of writing style sheets fare these days?…”
Centering: The Newest Coolest Way vs. The Oldest Coolest Way
By Chris Coyier.
“…This is just a little observation about old and new…”
Colour Blind at the World Cup
By Michael Gower.
“International football may not be the first thing that springs to
mind when one thinks about “accessibility” (especially if you try to
use the FIFA site with a screenreader), but a fascinating little case
of accommodation happened last week in front of an audience of
millions of viewers…”
+04: EVALUATION & TESTING.
Sticky Elements: Functionality and Accessibility Testing
By Andy Sellick.
“In GOV.UK’s Modelling Services team we looked at the possibility of
using sticky functionality as part of our work with step by step
navigation elements. Here’s what we found…”
Discovery on a Budget: Part III
By Meg Dickey-Kurdziolek.
“Rounding out her series of articles on how to conduct value-adding
user research when resources are limited, Meg Dickey-Kurdziolek takes
us on a journey through the results of the fake door A/B test set up
in Part II. After shedding light on the darker side of surveys, and
offering guidelines to maximize their value for minimum input, she
concludes by touching on that that old favorite: how to know when the
research is done and it’s time to start building.”
The 3 Little Known Factors That Dictate Successful User Tests
“…Keep your study under 10 minutes in length…Have fewer tasks than
questions…If you’re going to pay participants, don’t skimp…”
What You Need to Conduct a Moderated Usability Test
By Jeff Sauro.
“Usability tests don’t have to be expensive or require a lot of technology…”
Qualitative Research: The Third Essential Customer Research Input
By Gerry McGovern.
Qualitative research, involving talking to customers in groups or
individually can add depth to an understanding of customer behavior
and psychology. However, it needs to be framed by quantitative and
observational research because, for a variety of reasons, customers
Observational Customer Research
By Gerry McGovern.
“…Only when you combine observational and qualitative research with
quantitative data do you get a truly comprehensive understanding of
#a11yTO Conference 2018
October 15-16, 2018.
October 15-17, 2018.
Los Angeles, California, U.S.A.
October 17-19, 2018.
Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.A.
New York City UX Conference
October 20-26, 2018.
New York, New York, U.S.A.
Implementation Report (in progress)
By Steve Faulkner.
“Rules of ARIA attributes usage by HTML language feature…”
Don’t Use The Placeholder Attribute
By Eric Bailey.
“…This seemingly straightforward attribute contains a surprising
amount of issues that prevent it from delivering on what it promises…”
Anatomy of Creating Accessible Forms: Is This Field ‘Required?’
By Raghavendra Satish Peri.
“…There are multiple ways of providing this cue that a particular form
field is required & we will explore each of the methods…”
Anatomy of Creating Accessible Forms: Practice the Best
By Raghavendra Satish Peri.
“…In today’s post we will go through all the ingredients of creating
an accessible form that provides the best user experience for all the
HTML5 Download Attribute
By Rakesh Paladugula.
“HTML5 download attribute is new in HTML5 specifications. This
attribute allows content authors to allow users to download the file
just by clicking the link. HTML5 download attribute is used in and
Short Note on Progressive ARIA
By Léonie Watson.
“When we talk about Progressive Enhancement (PE), we usually focus on
is hard-coded into HTML it can have unintended consequences if/when
We Need to Talk About the Accessibility of Date Pickers
By Alda Vigdís.
“… As my project for this month, I was handed a ticket to fix
accessibility issues with the date picker used in Gutenberg…”
An Adventure in Sparse Arrays
By Remy Sharp.
was to implement every array (prototype) method, and write tests that
I Don’t Believe in Full-Stack Engineering
By Robin Rendle.
“…there’s no such thing as a unicorn and there’s no such thing as a
How Will Voice Control Change the Web Browser?
By Christina Bonnington.
“Mozilla is reportedly building a voice-based browser. Here’s what it
Surviving as an Old in the Tech World
By Karen Wickre.
“About 15 years ago, I was inexplicably offered a job at Google-at age 52…”
+09: STANDARDS, GUIDELINES & PATTERNS.
Effective Standards Work, Part 1: The Lay Of The Land
By Alex Russell.
“The web standards process fails us too often. This series explores
the forces at work, how we’re improving the situation, and how you can
shape new features more effectively…”
Firefox Developer Tools Accessibility Inspector
By Chris David Mills.
“The accessibility inspector provides a means to access important
information exposed to assistive technologies on the current page via
the accessibility tree, allowing you to check what’s missing or
otherwise needs attention. This article takes you through the main
features of the accessibility inspector and how to use it.”
Introducing the Accessibility Inspector in the Firefox Developer Tools
By Marco Zehe.
“The built-in Firefox Developer Tools just received a new family
member. The Accessibility Inspector allows you to inspect your
website’s exposure to assistive technologies…”
Accessibility Toolkit for Facebook Live
By Minnesota IT Services.
“Create your own accessible Facebook Live videos using our new toolkit…”
Accessibility Tools for Native Apps
By Suman Damera.
“…Below are the tools that I have put together that I know but it does
not mean that it is end of the list and there might be many
automation tools in the market…”
Pixels vs. Ems: Users DO Change Font Size
By Evan Minto.
“Web developers love a good holy war, whether it’s over our favorite
View story at Medium.com
The User Experience of University Websites
By Jeff Sauro.
“…To understand the online experience of university websites, we
benchmarked the desktop user experience of five university websites…”
Using Fitts’s Law When Designing
By Michelle Brown.
“…Using Fitts’s law when designing allows you to use regular human
behaviour to make interfaces easier to use…”
Empathy Mapping: A Guide to Getting Inside a User’s Head
By Jennifer Leigh Brown.
“…While an empathy mapping session won’t alter a company culture that
doesn’t value user research, it can help focus participants on users
by putting them ‘in their shoes’ when interacting with a product or
Stop Password Masking
By Jakob Nielsen.
“Usability suffers when users type in passwords and the only feedback
they get is a row of bullets. Typically, masking passwords doesn’t
even increase security, but it does cost you business due to login
Distracted Driving: UX’s Responsibility to Do No Harm
By Page Laubheimer.
“I walked away from two distracted-driving accidents in one week. Can
we use known UX principles to reduce harm?”
UX Visualization Techniques Reduce Your Cognitive Load (Video)
By Kathryn Whitenton.
“UX deliverables such as journey maps and affinity diagrams help
designers visualize information, so they can be better understand and
act on it.”
Using Content Frames in the Design Process (Video)
By Anna Kaley.
“Content frames are a tool that can help us make sure we’re not
waiting until the end of the design process to incorporate real
content into the experience.”
[Section one ends.]
++ SECTION TWO:
+17: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?
Cascading Style Sheets Information.
Evaluation & Testing Information.
Information Architecture Information.
Miscellaneous Web Information.
Sites & Blogs Listing.
Standards, Guidelines & Pattern Information.
[Section two ends.]
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+ SIGN OFF.
Until next time,
Laura L. Carlson
Information Technology Systems and Services
University of Minnesota Duluth
Duluth, MN U.S.A. 55812-3009